Analysis of Gumilev's poem "The Lost Tram". Poems by Nikolai Gumilyov
“I walked along an unfamiliar street” —that is how Nikolai Gumilyov’s poem begins, which will be analyzed in detail in the article. It was written in 1919, when there was no censorship in the country, and it was possible to easily express their political views.
Childhood and young years of Gumilyov
Nikolai Gumilev is a Russian poet who worked during the Silver Age. He is considered the creator of the school of Acmeism, literary critic, translator and prose writer. The boy was born in the noble family of the ship's doctor. Kolya's mother was a native resident of Lviv. The boy's childhood was not very joyful, because he grew weak and painful. He was very annoyed by extraneous noises and headaches. Anna Akhmatova in her writings once wrote that Nikolai wrote a wonderful poem about Niagara at the age of 6 years.
In 1894, the boy entered the Tsarskoye Selo gymnasium, in which he studied for a short time because of his illness. Later the family moved to St. Petersburg, where the boy began to study at the Gurevich gymnasium. Soon the grief befell the family - they discovered tuberculosis in the elder brother. Because of this, the whole family was forced to move to the Caucasus. Here Gumilyov studied at the Tiflis men's gymnasium. It was there that his verse “I fled the cities to the forest” was first published.
Suddenly, in 1903, the family returned to their native land. They wanted to expel him from the Tsarskoye Selo gymnasium due to academic failure, but the director insisted on his second year of study because of the boy’s ability to write poetry. A year later, the exams were passed, and only one of the "5" - according to logic. After that, the guy went to study at the Sorbonne.
About the verse "Lost Tram"
Analysis of Gumilev's poem “Lost Tram” will be given below, but for now we will discuss the poem itself. The verse is included in the author's latest collection called the Pillar of Fire. This work is very mysterious and vague in its meaning, many times literary figures tried to analyze it. What did Gumilyov mean? "Lost Tram",the year of writing which fell on very exciting events (1919), put its imprint not only on the author, but on the whole future generation.
Analysis of Gumilev's poem “Lost in Tram” is impossible without consideration of the events that preceded the writing of the verse. It is known that the author was very negative about the events of the October Revolution. The reason for this was that he considered it unacceptable to build a new state on the blood, lies and distrust. He was not silent, but openly expressed his opinion. Nikolay many times publicly spoke with such a statement that the country is held in the hands of cruel barbarians who for some time will destroy all the most beautiful things that have been created over the centuries. After the revolution, which the poet perceived very peculiarly, the country had complete anarchy, which created excellent conditions for the development of civil war. Nobody thought about state power, its principles and principles at that moment, because people simply fought for power. The fight was tough, evil and merciless. That is why the poet was able to quietly publish a poem, which vividly showed his civil position. Because of the unrest that took place in the country, censorship was almost completely absent.
Analysis of Gumilyov's poem "The Lost Tram"
The analysis of a work can only be started from the title, because it is absurd, since a tram that follows clearly along the tracks cannot get lost. The author skillfully uses the metaphor, denoting a tram for the whole country, which is “lost” - mired in lies, anger and blood, as well as insane, supposedly patriotic ideas.
Also, Nikolai Gumilyov designates his position in all of this farce: he writes that he himself does not understand “how he jumped on the steps” of the tram. Nicholas's stunned state is understandable, because he himself was used to living in his homeland for 2 months, and spending the rest of the time abroad. And as soon as he comes to his home, it turns out that a revolution is taking place in the country. At the same time, he was immediately “chained” to the country - this was due to his undisguised political views, as well as noble origin.
From the very beginning of the revolutionary events, Gumilev did not plan to leave his homeland at such a crucial time, because he believed that history was taking place in his eyes that would bring freedom to Russia. But after a few years, such naive illusions left him and he vividly realized that he would now live in a state that does not put human rights into anything, and yesterday’s pahari are at the helm.
“A tram flew in front of me” - with these words the first verse of the verse ends. Despite the fact that this article is devoted to a certain poem, it is necessary to mention other creations of the author. Other works by Nikolai Gumilyov (many of them) were written in the style of Acmeism. This literary trend, which is opposed to symbolism. The flow arose at the beginning of the last century. Acmeism is a kind of hymn to the material side of the world, as well as accuracy, concreteness and conciseness. In addition to Gumilyov, Anna Akhmatova and Sergey Gorodetsky are also considered the founders of this trend. In 1912, the program of Acmeism was announced, and at the same time, Gumilev wrote his verse in this direction, which was called the Sonnet.
Critics paid attention to the new poem of Gumilyov. The strict literary side was almost perfect, but the meaning of the verse was unclear to many. Despite this, many critics and literary figures tried to recognize the context. This poem today attracts the attention of many critics, as it is a masterpiece of Gumilyov’s work, in which his innovative talent was revealed.The work is fully consistent with its genre, because the plot takes place not around the event, but around feelings, emotions. You should also take into account the fact that the verse was written in one breath under the influence of the muse. This is not the work that the author has been thinking about for a long time, carefully weighing each word.
Analysis of Gumilev's poem “The Lost Tram”, which is briefly summarized in our article, is the quintessence of the opinion of many researchers. We have brought only the most important positions, the symbolism of which every educated person should know.