Arachnoid cyst of the brain. Clinical picture
The brain is a volumetric education of benign nature. This is a cavity formed as a result of duplication, or splitting, of the corresponding membrane and containing a watery substance, the structure and composition of which is close to the cerebrospinal fluid.
Causes of occurrence. Clinical picture
The arachnoid cyst of the brain develops as a complication of various pathologies. Compounding the severity of the patient's condition, it provokes the occurrence of epileptic and hypertensive syndromes, focal loss, mental retardation and mental retardation. Arachnoid retrocerebellar cyst is congenital. As a rule, this formation does not require any therapeutic effect. However, if a patient has complaints of headache and other symptoms, it is recommended to consult a neurologist and, possibly, the appointment of symptomatic therapy.
Arachnoid cyst of the brain. The choice of treatment
The elimination of this pathology is performed surgically. The main types of surgery should include endoscopic intervention (excision of a cyst, cystocysternostomy, cystoventriculostomy, ventriculo-cystosternostomy), microsurgical manipulations, shunting interventions. The indications of the operation include the presence and progression of paroxysms, increased hypertensive hydrocephalic syndrome, the development of focal symptoms. Surgical intervention is prescribed if the arachnoid cyst of the brain is complicated by hemorrhage, there is a disorder in the liquor circulation with impaired resorption. Endoscopic manipulations are characterized by low trauma, all actions are carried out with visual control and recorded.In addition, after the operation there are no foreign bodies and related complications. In case of insufficient number of indications for endoscopic intervention, a shunt or microneurosurgical intervention is prescribed.
Arachnoid cyst of the spine. Clinical picture
Very often, this pathology is asymptomatic. But this is characteristic only for formations up to one and a half centimeters in size. When the cyst grows, the spinal cord and spinal roots are squeezed. These processes are accompanied by a number of symptoms that are similar to the manifestations of a herniated disc. Among the main symptoms of arachnoid cyst of the spine should be called pain in the area of localization of education. Usually painful manifestations occur after physical overstrain. In accordance with the localization of the patient may complain of feelings of numbness, weakness, pain in the extremities, disorders of motor function and a violation of sensitivity. If the cyst is located in the lumbar region, the most unpleasant manifestations may be abnormalities in the work of the pelvic organs. In particular, patients have a disorder in urination, potency, and bowel movements.