At what distance to plant tomatoes in the open field and in the greenhouse? At what distance to plant stunted and tall tomatoes
Almost all gardeners grow tomatoes on their plots, but not everyone has a high yield. Despite the observance of all the rules of agricultural engineering and proper care, the plants are often sick or do not give the ovaries. The reason for this unpleasant phenomenon can be the most banal - non-compliance with the distance between the bushes. Most often, the plants are planted too thick. In this article we will look at how far to plant tomatoes in open ground and in the greenhouse to get a good harvest.
Why is it important to keep the recommended distance between the bushes?
To get a rich harvest, it is necessary to correctly place when planting seedlings. In order to save space, many gardeners plant the plants too thickly, which often leads to undesirable consequences:
- The plants located near each other are shaded, and therefore they cannot fully develop and form fruits in the required quantity.
- As a result of shading from tomato foliage, tomatoes ripen much longer.
- If the root system of a plant is well developed, it inhibits the growth of neighboring bushes.
- Caring for condensed tomato plantings is much more complicated. Bushes harder to weed, pinch, spray, etc.
- Mold formation is possible, because the soil does not have time to dry out between waterings.
- As a result of close contact of densely spaced tomato leaves, there is a rapid spread of pests and diseases, if they appear on one of the bushes.
- There are difficulties with pollination, because the bees do not have free access to flowers.
Thus, dense placement of tomato bushes can lead to a lack of moisture and nutrients, the appearance of diseases and pests,slowing the ripening of fruits and other consequences that have a negative impact on crop yields.
Planting seedlings with a large interval between the bushes is also not very good, because then you have to give more land to the planting, which is not very rational. That is why it is important for a competent gardener to know at what distance to plant tomatoes.
Distance depending on the variety
For each variety of tomatoes, a particular planting scheme should be selected, since plant parameters can be very different.
Tomatoes are divided into three types:
- Standard (undersized). The height of such bushes is no more than 50 cm. The root systems are quite compact, the trunks are thick and strong. These plants do not need a garter. At what distance to plant stunted tomatoes? At 1 m2Soil planted on 6-7 bushes.
- Determinant (sredneroslye). Their height is not more than 1.5 m. During the growing season, the plant independently limits its growth. Requires the formation of a bush. Such tomatoes are planted in 3-4 bush per 1 m2land.
- Indeterminate (tall). Differ in intensive growth. The height of the bushes can reach up to 3 meters or more.So tomatoes need a lot of space. In the process of growing season bushes need to tie up, pinch, pinch. At what distance to plant tall tomatoes? The recommended planting scheme - no more than 2 plants per 1m2plot.
If both stunted and vigorous varieties are planted at the same time, then it is advisable to use a combined planting scheme, in which tall plants are placed in the center of the beds, and stunted at the edges. This method provides easy access to all bushes. It is recommended for greenhouses, as it also saves planting space.
Thus, when purchasing seeds, it is important to pay attention to their classification in order to determine the distance at which to plant tomatoes and what rules for plant care will need to be observed.
Planting in open ground
Planting seedlings produced from late May to early June. At this time, the weather is already warm. Before landing, you need to choose a site. It should be well lit by the sun, a windless place with well-fertilized soil. You should also pay attention to the cultures that grew here earlier.The best precursors for tomatoes are zucchini, cucumbers, onions, peas, cabbage, root vegetables, garlic. It is not recommended to plant tomatoes where pepper, eggplants or potatoes used to grow.
Tomatoes must be planted in the prepared soil. In the autumn, when digging, humus, manure or other organic matter is introduced into the ground. In the spring, fertilizers containing potassium and phosphorus are added. After the preparation of the seat, it is determined at what distance to plant the tomatoes and which landing technology is better to use.
Landing in rows
This is the most common technology among gardeners. It is used by both experienced and novice farmers. In this method, tomatoes are planted on a plot in rows according to the marking done in advance. The technology is suitable for determinant and standard varieties. At what distance to plant tomatoes in open ground? Depending on the height of the tomatoes in the same row between the bushes can be 25-45 cm, between rows 45-80 cm.
Rows of seedlings are planted only in the open field, since this technology requires a large plot. Advantages of this method:
- good plant lighting;
- lightweight bushes care;
- excellent air circulation.
Due to these factors, tomatoes are free to grow and give a good harvest in time.
This method is similar to the above technology. The only difference is that between the aisles do not one row, but two. This saves land, while maintaining ease of maintenance of landings. With this technology, you can plant bushes of any height. At what distance to plant tomatoes? Between two rows 25-45 cm, between plants about 60-65 cm.
Between two beds with parallel tomato plantings, a passage is made from 80 cm to 1 m wide.
This planting scheme is used for growing tomatoes on open plots and in the greenhouse.
The disadvantage of this technology is partial shading of the bushes.
Planting seedlings in chessboard order
This scheme is used for growing determinant varieties of tomatoes in open ground. The advantages of this method of landing:
- plants are maximally illuminated by the sun;
- caring for tomatoes does not cause any difficulties, since access to each bush is free.
Before landing, two lines are marked, between which the distance is 40-50 cm.Immediately planted tomatoes on one line (the distance between the seedlings 50-60 cm), then staggered on the second.
With this technology, three tomato seedlings are planted in one hole (nest). Immediately mark out several parallel lines, between which 80 cm, then make nests, between which 60 cm.
After the seedlings adapt to new conditions, one of the weakest plants is carefully removed, and the remaining two are tied up.
So, it is desirable to grow indeterminate varieties in rows so that massive bushes receive enough light, and the roots do not experience a deficiency of moisture and nutrients.
Srednerosly and determinant tomatoes are desirable to plant in a checkerboard pattern. This saves space.
Standard low-growing tomatoes will give a rich harvest when planted in parallel rows.
But despite all the recommendations, then, at what distance to plant tomato seedlings, depends primarily on the availability of space and the preferences of the gardener.
Planting in the greenhouse
Many gardeners grow tomatoes in a greenhouse or greenhouse for early harvest.In the protected ground planted tall and stunted varieties. At the same time, farmers advise to give preference to indeterminate tomatoes, which bear fruit almost until late autumn.
The soil for planting seedlings in the greenhouse is prepared in the spring, they are dug up, they add complex mineral fertilizers, humus or rotted manure to it.
At what distance to plant tomatoes in the greenhouse?
When planting tomatoes, you can use any of the above planting scheme. However, it should be borne in mind:
- planting rows inappropriate to use for growing tomatoes in the greenhouse, as will have to use large areas;
- not recommended for greenhouses and a square-nesting scheme, as it also needs to use large areas, in addition, it is difficult to care for the bushes in a limited space.
Most often, gardeners in the cultivation of tomatoes in the greenhouse use parallel and chess placement of seedlings.
A combination planting method is also popular, with tall and undersized tomatoes growing simultaneously in one area.At the same time, indeterminate plants are located in the middle of the bed, and low-growing varieties at its edges.
At what distance to plant cherry tomatoes in the greenhouse? It is recommended to plant tomatoes in a staggered manner. Between plants there is a gap of about 50-60 cm. With too frequent or, conversely, more rare placement, a significant reduction in yield is possible.
So, we considered at what distance to plant tomatoes in the greenhouse and in the open field. Proper placement of seedlings allows you to avoid many troubles and at the same time significantly increase the yield of culture.