Barbus aquarium fish: compatibility, breeding
Aquarium fish barbs are well known to all lovers of home "glass houses". Almost every aquarium owner has these bright and beautiful aquatic inhabitants. Barbusses - fish that belong to the family of carp, sometimes they are called barbel.Cute pets are ideal for beginners in the aquarium business, caring for them is not associated with great difficulties and hassle. But in order for them to develop and reproduce normally, you need to follow some rules. From this article you can find out what the barbus fish are, with whom they get along, what they eat, what they get sick and a lot of things that will help to keep nimble handsome people properly. Having got such amazing mustaches, you will decorate your aquarium, you will not have to regret it.
Description of popular species
Aquarium fish barbs have about sixty species in nature. Consider now the most popular ones that look great in any aquarium.
Popular types of barbs:
• Sumatran barbus - flat body decorated with black vertical stripes. It grows up to 7 cm in length. Males are recognized by tail rays of red. The female is much larger, its body is wider, and the belly is noticeably thicker. This is a very beautiful fish. Sumatran barbus is considered the most common aquarium species.
• Sumatran albino barb - body golden brown with milky white stripes. Very beautiful, but breeds much worse than the usual barbus.
• Black ruby - lives in Ceylon, the size resembles Sumatran, but the stripes on the body can be seen only in youth, the adult fish is painted completely in dark gray.
• Mutant - a very valuable and beautiful variety. It reproduces poorly, spawning is very difficult. The fish is painted in a dark green color, there are no bands at all. Dorsal and ventral fins - with a red rim.
• Scarlet Barbus - this water inhabitant got this name because of the red broad band that runs in the middle of the whole body. This species breeds well in aquariums and the most unpretentious among their relatives.
• Fiery barb, or conhonius - this species is distinguished by large scales.The body length of an adult fish is 6-8 cm. “Boys” and “girls” differ in color. Males are red-pink, females are silvery. Excellent spawn in captivity.
Habitats in natural environment
Barbs (fish) in the wild live in small rivers of Asia, Africa and Europe, their range is quite extensive. Bright barbel prefer fast-flowing reservoirs, on the basis of this feature, with aquarium content it is necessary to ensure a good flow in order to maximize the conditions of the natural environment.
Many types of barbs now would have become extinct or on the verge of extinction, if not for their popularity among fans of aquariums. For example, in Sri Lanka, the cherry barbus has almost disappeared, but it is not threatened with extinction, as it occurs very often in captivity.
Most modern barbel species are mostly fish bred in the farms of Indochina, South Africa, Western Europe and Florida. These beautiful creatures easily get used to the conditions of detention and are well tolerated by long journeys, while their wild relatives can die or become sick when the situation changes, the climate, during transportation.
Lifestyle, nature of fish
Barbs fishes are nimble, mobile, playful, so they need free space for swimming. They are always busy with something, all the time exploring the ground in search of something edible. Keep usually in the middle and lower layers of water. Due to the increased activity of bright handsome men, it is necessary to cover the aquarium, as they can easily jump out of the water and die. Even during feeding you need to be careful that the fish do not “run away” to the land that is detrimental to it.
Barbusses have a Weberian apparatus, which provides them with exceptional hearing. They do not like the bright light, it just scares them, so floating algae should be on the surface of the water, which will provide the blackout necessary for this type of waterfowl.
Fish barbus knowingly recommended for beginners who have decided to start at home silent pets. These beautiful creatures are completely unpretentious, they are very easy to maintain. For them, the composition of water is not important, it is only necessary to regularly replace 1/5 of its total volume and carry out filtration and aeration. Acceptable temperature - 24-25 degrees, but even if there is a decrease to 18 degrees, this species of fish is able to survive.
For the maintenance of barbs, it is recommended to purchase an aquarium extended in length with a device that simulates the flow. The soil is better to pick up the dark and plant a sufficient number of plants.
In solitude, the fish do not like to live, the optimal number of flocks in the aquarium is from 5 to 7 individuals. If you keep them right, then the barbs can live up to four years, pleasing the owner with their beauty and healthy look.
In the care, as in the content, the barbus fish are just as unassuming, you just need to follow some rules and tips on caring for them:
• Maintain a temperature of 21-25 degrees.
• Change every seven days 25% water to fresh, keeping the initial temperature with this procedure.
• Water hardness should be moderate, pH should be neutral.
• Barbs are sensitive to oxygen deficiency, if they begin to float constantly near the surface and from time to time they stick their heads out of the water, this is a signal that it is urgent to change the water.
• A meal of fish lasts about 2–3 minutes, then the remnants of food fall to the bottom, polluting the aquarium. You need time to remove from the water the food that your pets have not eaten.
• It is recommended to arrange a fasting day for the barbs, as they are famous gluttons.
How and what to feed?
As mentioned earlier, the barbs love to eat, and they all eat in a row. Of course, preference is given to plant foods. So, having launched such omnivorous inhabitants into your glass house, be prepared for the fact that they absorb the algae growing there. In order to avoid such trouble, fragile and delicate plants should be avoided, replacing them with anubias, cryptocoryne, vallisneria ... Such aquarium algae have a strong root system, and the fish will not be able to undermine or tear them out of the ground.
Plant foods need to be diluted with live food, such as artemia, tubule or bloodworm. Food of animal origin will positively affect the color and overall well-being of your pets. The main thing is to ensure that the fish do not overeat, their uncontrollable appetite can lead to death.
Barbs fishes: breeding
If you want to start breeding barbs, then you need to start with the selection of the ideal breeding fish. They must be sexually mature, healthy and without physical abnormalities.Selected manufacturers should be in special conditions of detention. The list of these conditions begins with two main points - a spacious aquarium and high-quality food. For a decade before the breeding period, females and males are deposited separately and properly fed.
A spawning aquarium is absolutely not needed too large, as it will often need to change the water. Twenty-liter volume is enough.
In the mating season, fish emit a huge amount of sexual products. Males should be placed near females 2 hours before switching off the lighting for the night. It often happens that in the morning you can already notice the results of spawning. It is difficult to see caviar, it is very small and transparent. But you should try to see it, because when the eggs appear, the fish should immediately be deposited, otherwise they will simply eat their unborn offspring, having decided that this is food. If it was not possible to make out, look at the behavior of potential parents, if the “date” was successful, the male and the female lose interest in each other and are each engaged in their own affairs.
It happens that the caviar is dead, it can be determined by the color change of the eggs.After some time they will become white. From live roe the next day a larva will appear, which will attach to the walls of the aquarium or to the leaves of algae. After waiting for the fry to swim, you can feed them.
Aquarium fish barbs: compatibility
Selection of neighbors in an aquarium is a very serious matter; how well this is done depends on the well-being, health, even the life of aquatic inhabitants who are forced to live in one "glass house". Consider the question of who can be hooked to the barbs.
Barbus - fish, compatibility with which is not for all waterfowl desirable, and even dangerous for some. They can get along peacefully with their neighbors, but for this their master needs to follow some tips. These bullies are far from calm, they are very active, they love to quarrel and fight both among themselves in their flock and with other inhabitants of the aquarium. You can fight them with their own methods, having hooked up with the same nimble fish to them, calm and sluggish residents will not endure such a restless neighborhood. There is another way to avoid fights: you need to add more fish of another species.And the most reliable way to restore relative peace and tranquility in the home water world is to breed only barbs, picking up several different species. This fishery looks very beautiful.
Not recommended for roommates:
• sedentary fish;
• fish with veil forms;
• a view that is inferior in number in a flock to a barbus family.
The best cohabitants:
Like all living things, barbus fish can get sick. In most cases, the disease develops due to improper care and unacceptable conditions of detention, especially often they suffer from an impaired rhythm of nutrition.
Diseases of barbs, the most common:
• diseases of the gastrointestinal tract;
It is possible to fight diseases, the main thing is to detect their symptoms in time and start treatment by seeking help from a specialist.
Barbus fishes are very beautiful and interesting creatures that amaze with a variety of colors.
Some interesting facts about these water inhabitants are presented to your attention:
• For the first time in 1935, barbs got to Europe.
• Wild barbs are noticeably larger than the size of their aquarium congeners.
• The longest Sumatran barbus with an aquarium content reached 8 cm in length.
• For the first time, bright handsome men of this species were brought to Russia in 1946.