Barguzinsky sable: photos, interesting facts, breeding, colors, how it looks and where it occurs in nature
Barguzinsky sable - an animal belonging to mammals. It is a relative of marten. Adult animals have a body with an average length of 50 cm and a tail about 20 cm.
The appearance of the beast
What does the Barguzin sable look like? The color of the animal is uneven and depends on the part of the body. For example, on the head there is the darkest shade, almost black, the body is light, from yellow sand to a calm fawn, or brown with darkening along the back and a rich spot on the throat. The first option is called fur and is used as the main raw material for various products. The second one is used for making shawls, caps and other items of clothing.From it often sew collars to the main product.
This furry animal is actually a very clever and merciless predator who likes to settle in cedar forests, thickets, stone placers, headwaters and rocky areas. Sometimes he climbs up to the crowns of trees. The Barguzinsky sable moves with the help of jumps, which are 30 to 70 cm long. Thanks to the structure of the paws, it does not fall into the snow and deftly climbs along the branches of the trees. The animal has an excellent sense of smell and hearing, but the vision is weaker. The sound that makes this fluffy predator, can be called a rumbling, vaguely resembling a cat's purr.
The Barguzin sable, the photo of which can be seen in our article, feeds mainly on various rodents. Among them, red vole, pika, as well as squirrels and hares. In addition, the animal loves to eat birds, such as grouse or wood grouse. Sable hunting mode depends on hunger. Despite the fact that the main activity occurs at night and at dusk, the predator also often goes to the fishery in broad daylight.In addition to food of animal origin, sable loves to eat nuts and berries, such as lingonberries, blueberries, mountain ash, currants, blueberries, wild rose and bird cherry. Thanks to a varied diet, the Barguzin sable, the photo of which shows the animal in all its glory, can boast a silky and shiny fur.
Puberty and Pregnancy
In the wild, predator settles nests in tree hollows, in placers of stones, and also in burrows among rhizomes. Reaching sexual maturity in two or three years, these representatives of the weasel breed for 10-11 years. The cycle of reproductive activity ends with a maximum of the 15th year of life. Predators mate in summer, the main months are June, July. Pregnancy lasts about 8 months, more precisely 250-290 days, as a result of which between one and seven babies are born. On average, this number is 3-4 puppy. The female produces offspring in northern latitudes, beginning in May, in the southern regions - earlier than one month (from April).
Where in nature are found?
The Barguzinsky sable lives on the territory of the Siberian taiga, in the Urals, in the northern limits of the forest vegetation of the Pacific Coast, on the island of Hokkaido in Japan.Every year the number of this predator decreases due to the great value of its fur. A large population density was recorded in the mountainous regions of the Sayan taiga and the Kuznetsk Alatau. Often there is a sable in the central part of the region, for example, in the primary and forest-steppe lanes, also in Chulym.
The number of these animals is unevenly distributed across these territories. Southern latitudes, including the Angara region and most of the Yenisei district, can also be called densely populated regions. Indeed, many sables are observed in dark coniferous lands. For example, in Baikitsky and Turukhansky districts, as well as in the Yenisey taiga. In more light-coniferous thickets, the number is considered average. In the northern part of the taiga expanses, the Barguzin sable is a rare “guest”. In the forest-tundra belt to Nikolsky and Potapov, as well as in the eastern region to the rivers Kotui and Fomich, the settlements of the Künykh are observed sporadically.
The smallest number, if not the complete absence of these predators, was recorded in the southern strip. The reason for this, of course, is a thriving poaching.Depending on the region of their habitat, there are Tobolsk, Kuznetsk, Altai, Yenisei, Sayan, Angara, Tungus, Ilimi, Vitimsky, Chikoy, Yakutsk, Far Eastern and Kamchatka sables.
Hunting for sable brings great benefits to the edge. When fishing is legal, and the number of animals is carefully monitored by the commission, there are no problems. But there is such an activity as smuggling. Expensive fur is exported as raw materials abroad, after which it enters the foreign market as finished products. The cost of coats, coats and sable caps is very high compared to the price of skins.
The champion on the value of fur is, of course, the Barguzin sable. Interesting facts show that in the history of Russia there were times when a product from a given animal was given an amount equal to the cost of an entire manor. When the demand for sable fur reached its peak, it was faked with marten and other members of this family. After all, with high-quality raw materials, the unenlightened buyer will not notice the difference.
The value of fur is still high now. Russia is the only supplier of sable skins on the world market. The number of animals in the territory of other states is disproportionately small, which makes it impossible to produce raw materials on an industrial scale. However, this does not preclude poaching.
The market value of the finished product depends on the color of the Barguzin sable. The highest price has a rich, dark fur. Most often it is obtained from areas of the Baikal forests. The sable living in this area has the darkest fur.
In the world of fashion, products from this material are valued primarily because of their beauty, as well as durability. A good fur coat will last for many years, warming its owner during frosts. However, the world's fashion houses do not focus on practicality. Today, the black Barguzin sable is a sign of status and wealth. He makes a pair of dresses and dresses from famous couturiers.
For the first time, world-class designer Marc Jacobs introduced innovation to the public. His products were made of shorn sable fur, which further increased its cost and reduced service life. After all, fur coats made from undercoat are quite susceptible to wiping.However, ladies from high society are not particularly worried about this. After all, chic coats and capes were worn exclusively on expensive techniques, where it was impossible to freeze. Products performed more decorative function.
Barguzinsky sable: animal breeding
The quality of the skins depends on the conditions in which the animal resides. The highest rates are, of course, sables grown in the wild. Their fur is the most expensive. Therefore, many began to be interested in the breeding of the Barguzin sable in captivity. There are a lot of nuances here. For example, with all the requirements and recommendations for the maintenance of these animals, only a quarter of the total number of females is capable of conception. In nature, sables adapt more easily to changes in temperature, they lack the concept of stress. According to statistics, content in captivity contributes to later puberty. As a result, not all biological processes proceed in sable as it is laid by nature. Many females due to the low temperature in the enclosures do not have time to mature the follicles, which leads to problems with fertilization.
Also to the peculiarities of the content is the fact that individuals, depending on the sex, are located separately in cages. This is what affects the low threshold of fertilization in captivity. The reason for this is an interesting fact in the life of sables. The fact is that in early spring, females, as a rule, are in an interesting position. After mating, the male is close to her in nature. During this period, called the hungry, he brings the prey to her pregnant “girlfriend” so that she can eat and gain strength for the future offspring. In captivity, due to a separate stay, such a process of courtship is impossible, which fundamentally changes the whole cycle of birth and the appearance of a new offspring along with its terms.
Temperature conditions are also difficult to breed. In the wild, temperature fluctuations depending on the season occur more smoothly. The animals adapt faster even to sudden cold. In aviaries, nests are arranged in wooden boxes, where the temperature regime directly depends on weather conditions. Therefore, the breeding process requires many years of skills, knowledge and hard work.
The cost of the Barguzin sable differs depending on gender. For example, males have large body size and length of coat. This makes it necessary to focus on breeding males. However, without maintaining the number of females, this is impossible, if we also take into account that the sable breeds more difficult in conditions of bondage.
The quality of the skins also strongly depends on the lighting conditions. You can not keep sable in the absence of ultraviolet radiation. Although it involuntarily happens when animals are in cages. In the wild, these predators practically spend most of their life cycle in the open air. Under any weather conditions, this provides the maximum dose of ultraviolet radiation, which makes the fur velvety and shiny. In captivity, it is necessary to provide animals with natural sunlight.
Nutrition sable should be balanced. The diet of animals by two thirds consists of meat, the rest should be taken from milk, cottage cheese, vegetables, fruits. It is obligatory to take vitamin preparations.
In general, the breeding and maintenance of sable - not an easy task. It can also be ranked among the hard to pay. The cost of feed can exceed 70% of the cost of hides. But still it is necessary to take into account the arrangement of cells, possible diseases, hygiene and other aspects of the breeding process.