Cases in German: description, declination table for cases

In German, like Russian, all nouns, pronouns, adjectives and articles vary in cases.

And the Russian language, referring to the Slavic and German, which is part of the Romano-Germanic language group, have one progenitor - Indo-European. Due to historical kinship, both in Russian and in German speech, general grammatical categories are distinguished. The cases in the German language have a certain similarity with the case forms in Russian, but they are not identical with them.

One of the main differences is the number of case forms. If in Russian they are distinguished by six, then in German you count only four (as such, the prepositional and instrumental cases are absent as such).

Cases in German answer similar questions with Russian. Having learned the questions of cases in German, you can easily master the declination of all parts of speech.

Let us consider in more detail each of the grammatical forms.

cases in german language

Nominativ

Corresponds to the Russian nominative case and answers the questions: wer? was? (who what?)

Erster Fall is used when talking about a person, object or phenomenon. The noun in this case acts as a predicative. The nominative case is a form of title and indicates an object that is at rest when no action is taken on it.

For example:

Der Tisch ist rund.

Die Hefte liegen neben dem Wörterbuch.

The nouns in the examples above play the role of the subject. Accordingly, der Tisch and die Hefte are in the nominative case.

Genitiv

Zweiter Fall is similar to the genitive in Russian. Answers the question: wessen? (whose? whose? whom? what?)

Genitive case means belonging to something. Nouns in this grammatical form act as a definition:

Die Familie meiner Schwester ist nich groß.

Or additions:

Die Angst vor der Zukunft ließ ihm keine Ruhe.

Dativ

Dritter Fall is close to the substantive case in Russian. Answers the question: wem? (to whom; to what?)

Due to the fact that the cases in the German language are not completely identical to the grammatical forms in Russian, the dative case also answers additional questions: wo? (where?) wann? (when?)

The dative case indicates an object, person or phenomenon, which is directed to the action and acts in the sentence as a supplement.

Ich verspreche es dem Vater, daß ich schweigen werde.

Sie half der Mutter in der Küche die Gläser auszuwaschen.

Akkusativ

Vierter Fall is identical to the accusative case in Russian. Answers questions: wen? was? (who? what?)

The accusative case denotes an object, person or phenomenon that is the immediate object of the action. Appears in the sentence as a supplement.

Mein Freund hat einen hund.

Übersetzen Sie bitte den Text ohne Wörterbuch!case matters in german language

Changing nouns by case

The main criterion indicating the number and case of a noun is the article or pronoun that replaces it. The ending, defining belonging to any particular case, is often absent from German nouns.German case table

In German, there are three basic types of declension, in accordance with which nouns and change in cases. The type of declension determines the presence or absence of the end in some case forms.

Strong (male) declination - die starke Deklination;

Weak (schwache) declination;

Female (weibliche) declination.

A separate type of declension is a mixed declension.

In the plural, all nouns lean in one pattern.

The change of articles does not depend on the type of declension to which the noun refers. It is associated only with the category of the genus, that is, when memorizing should pay attention,what genus is this noun. The type of declension determines only the presence or absence of the end in a specific case form.

Indefinite articles tend to follow the same pattern as certain. In the plural, indefinite articles are not used.

The case table of the German language will help to learn this category in German, their questions, as well as the declination of articles.

Death case

Case question

Nominativ

Wer oder Was?

Genitiv

Wessen?

Dativ

Wem?

Akkusativ

Wen oder Was?

die starke deklination

der mann ein mann

des mannes

eines mannes

dem mann

einem mann

den mann

einen mann

die weibliche deklination

die Wissenschaft
eine Wissenschaft

der Wissenschaft
einer Wissenschaft

der Wissenschaft
einer Wissenschaft

die Wissenschaft
eine Wissenschaft

die schwache deklination

der Diplomat
ein Diplomat

des Diplomaten
eines Diplomaten

dem Diplomaten
einem Diplomaten

das diplomaten
ein Diplomaten

Plural

die Türen

der Türen

den Türen

die Türen

We hope that this article will help you understand and learn the cases in the German language.

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