Contraceptive means "Implanon": reviews, instructions for use and composition
If pregnancy is not planned, it is not at all necessary to use for this Modern contraceptives are highly effective. One of these is the "Implanon". Reviews of this drug, its contraceptive properties and method of use will be discussed in detail in the article.
An "implanon" is a contraceptive implant that consists of a rod and an applicator. With the help of the latter, this tool is injected under the skin and affects the ovaries, thereby suppressing the appearance of ovulation at the hormonal level.
The tool is available under two names: "Implanon" and "Implanon NKTS". However, both drugs have the same composition. Their active component is etonogestrel. This substance is a contraceptive, biological decomposition of which is impossible.
The effect of the implant is to suppress ovulation.After its introduction, the active ingredient is absorbed into the blood and after 1-14 days its concentration reaches its maximum level. Reviews of "Implanon" indicate that after three years, the drug loses its effectiveness.
After the introduction of an agent under the skin, a woman can live a sexual life without being puzzled by other means of contraception. Doctors claim that "Implanon" does not contribute to an increase in body weight and the appearance of thrombosis.
When the implant is removed, ovarian activity returns to normal, the menstrual cycle is fully restored, and the woman’s reproductive system returns to its previous mode.
The main component of Implanon NKTS, as already mentioned above, is etonogestrol. It is in a disposable sterile applicator. Etonogestrol itself is a biologically active metabolite of desogestrel-progestogen. The latter is widely used as an oral contraceptive related to steroid drugs. The contraceptive effect is due to the suppression of ovulation.
Moreover, etonogestrol contributes to an increase in the viscosity of the cervical secret, thereby preventing the penetration of spermatozoa.In the reviews of "Implanon" it is mentioned that its contraceptive action has a limited period. After some time after its removal, the menstrual cycle quickly returns to normal.
Indications and contraindications
"Implanon" has only one indication for use. It is used exclusively for contraception. The implant should be installed by a physician with relevant skills. The drug has a considerable list of contraindications. It is forbidden to install it when:
- planning conception;
- arterial or venous diseases;
- breast tumors;
- liver pathologies;
- bleeding of a different nature;
- the presence of malignant tumors that depend on hormonal levels.
It is unacceptable that this contraceptive is used by persons who are under the age of 18 years.
Often in the reviews of "Implanon" it is mentioned that after its installation, an allergic reaction is observed. This happens when individual intolerance of one of the components of the drug.
Before installing the implant, it is important to familiarize yourself with the features of such a tool.If a woman suffers from diabetes, after the introduction of the drug, she should be under the supervision of physicians. After all, there is a risk of increasing blood glucose.
After the introduction of the drug in medical practice, cases of the occurrence of an ectopic pregnancy were recorded. As a result of using the tool, the likelihood of chloasma appears. To eliminate this, one should try to be as little as possible under the sun.
It is important to mention that the drug is not able to protect against diseases that are transmitted through sexual contact. After installing the implant, changes in the menstrual cycle occur. In some cases, the monthly disappear for a certain time.
In the reviews of "Implanon" it is repeatedly mentioned that, against the background of its use, there are pulling pains in the lower abdomen. This results from the fact that occasionally follicles can be formed and increase in sizes.
If there is a predisposition for chloasma, it is important to avoid exposure to the sun. In women with overweight, the effect of such a contraceptive may be reduced, and therefore it will have to be replaced with a new one.If the implant is inserted incorrectly, its expulsion is possible.
Instructions for use
Before installing the implant, it is important to read the instructions for use and reviews. "Implanon" is permissible to use, making sure that there is no pregnancy. It is also necessary to familiarize with all recommendations concerning its introduction and removal.
By itself, the drug is a highly effective means of contraception hormonal in nature. You can remove it at any time, but no later than 3 years from the date of installation. If you make timely replacement of the implant, the contraceptive protection will remain the same.
The implant is inserted under the skin on the inside of the shoulder. This helps prevent injury to the nerve endings and large blood vessels.
Too deep introduction of the implant can lead to paresthesia or its migration. In some cases, it may not palpate. In this regard, the process of determining its localization and removal will be complicated.
Implant insertion is permissible only under aseptic conditions, using a special applicator.The procedure must be carried out by a qualified gynecologist. If the implant is not felt under the skin, its removal is done surgically.
Against the background of the use of such a contraceptive, it is possible that side effects may occur. Reviews of "Implanon" talk about its effectiveness, but it must be borne in mind that the body can react to the implant in a negative way.
The drug leads to a change in the menstrual cycle, contributes to abundant or, conversely, meager bleeding. In medical practice, there are cases when women experience severe bleeding after implant insertion.
Erythema, local edema, hematomas can be considered frequent complications. During post-registration observations, adverse reactions were also noted in the form of high blood pressure, seborrhea, urticaria.
Overdose and interaction with other drugs
Before installing a new implant, it is necessary to carry out the elimination of the previous one. In the reviews of doctors about Implanon, no cases of overdose with etonogestrel are mentioned.If after installing the implant there is a need to take other medicines, you need to consider the probability of their interaction. Special studies on this subject were not conducted.
When and how is Implanon replaced or removed?
The implant removal procedure can be performed at any time. His gynecologist, as stated in the instructions, must deal with its removal, exactly as with the installation. Implanon, reviews of which speak of its effectiveness, is removed painlessly through the use of anesthesia.
Implant removal is a process that takes place in several stages:
- The injection site is treated with an antiseptic, followed by anesthesia (lidocaine is administered under the implant).
- The doctor presses on the end of the implant and at the moment when there is a bulge on the skin, a 2 mm incision is made towards the elbow.
- The specialist directs the obturator to the incision and when its tip appears, the implant is captured by means of a clamp and removed.
- If the implant is overgrown with connective tissue, it is cut and removed by the obturator.
Reviews of medical specialists about the "Implanon" confirm its safety, provided that the installation is carried out by an experienced specialist. The implant does not need additional care. Sports are not contraindicated. But with regard to the adoption of water procedures and visits to the sauna and swimming pool, they are permissible only after complete healing of the site of the incision.
Reviews of "Implanone", the price of which is about 10 thousand rubles, mostly positive, but in any case, before using such a means of contraception, it is imperative to consult with doctors.