Crocus (flower): care, planting, photo
In the flower beds and flower beds crocuses look great. These amazing, bright and colorful flowers are planted in small groups. With the onset of spring, timid sprouts peep out of the ground. They quickly turn into large buds, the diameter of which often reaches 4-5 cm. These are hybrid varieties. Crocus - a flower that grows not only in gardens, but also in the wild, is also known as saffron. From it turns out the most expensive spice in the world with the same name.
Hybrids with largeflowers that differ in various colors. Pay attention to the varieties Pickwick and Jeanne d'Arc, Grand Maitre, Flower Record, Purpureus Grandiflorus.Looking at the crocus (photos of flowers are presented in the article)Ruby Jaint varieties of purple color or bright yellow Ladjest Yellow, Blue Blue Pearl and Cream Cream Beauty, you begin to understand that each of these species is worthy to pay attention to.
When crocuses bloom
The plant belongs to the family of Iris.Duration of flowering does not exceed 2-2.5 weeks. However, crocuses are autumn and spring. Knowing this, you can grow in parallel different varieties and enjoy the bright flowering of amazing plants.
Autumn crocuses bloom from September to November. Therefore, they should be planted in the ground in June - August. Spring crocuses flowering period is March-April. Landing they carry out in September.
How to choose the bulbs
Crocuses can be grown from seeds or from bulbs. The first option is not widely spread and is used only by breeders in the development of new varieties. But thanks to the bulbs you can grow the most beautiful hybrids right on the garden.
Of course, the decorativeness of crocus takes on immense importance. Therefore, the most popular are flowers with a coloring in two shades and large buds. Red, purple, yellow, white, blue, with stripes of different shades, cream - the head is spinning from their diversity! Pay attention to the crocus (photo of flowers is available in the article) - this is unpretentious,but an exquisite plant will become a real decoration of the garden. The best representatives are the works of Dutch breeders.
Crocus - a flower thatgrown in flower pots, and in the open field. When choosing bulbs, carefully inspect them for damage. A healthy and large planting stock in diameter gives 2-6 buds. If the bulb is more than 10 cm in circumference, the number of flowers reaches a maximum (5-6 pieces). The smaller the size of the planting material, the smaller the buds the grown plant produces. Crocus flowersmay be larger or smaller - here also plays a role in the circumference of the tuber. An ideal bulb is necessarily dense and rather heavy, there should be no roots and processes.
Preparing a place for landing
Any plant chooses the optimal conditions for growth and reproduction. For example, crocus develops better when there is a lot of light. Choose a landing site that is well lit by sunlight. Sour soil is unsuitable for crocuses, and sandy loam is what you need. In such conditions, excess moisture constantly goes out, it does not stagnate, and the plant feels good during the flowering period.
If the soil is heavy, you can dig it with fine gravel or add sand - this will make the soil drained.
Those who have experience in the garden, it is well known that any plant grows over time. Crocus is no exception. The flower that you planted 3-4 years ago, surely released hereditary onions. Now they are cramped, and each requires a separate place in a bright flowerbed.
Wait for the beginning of the summer (and crocuses are dug in June), carefully remove the bulbs. Now each tuberon can grow separately. True, you can not immediately transplant. For some time, the bulbs are kept in special conditions so that a bud forms inside, from which a crocus flower will later appear. Planting of such a tuber is carried out only after preparation, which will be discussed later. Follow the advice exactly, and new bright flower buds will appear in your flowerbed.
Crocus flowers: planting and care
Regardless of whether you use tubers from your garden or purchase bulbs, they need to go through the preparation stage.Starting in mid-summer, planting material from this plant comes on sale. Recall that they dig up the tubers in June. Until September or October, it is necessary to find a place to store them in order to withstand a gradual decrease in temperature.
In the first 7-10 days after purchase (or digging out), spread the tubers outdoors, avoiding direct sunlight. Onions should be well ventilated, dry out. Then a week or two tubers can be stored in a closed pantry (cellar). After that, the onions are transferred to the refrigerator and stored at a temperature of 8-10 ° C until September - early October. As a result, colorful crocuses will appear on your bed. Flowers, plantingwhich is carried out in compliance with all the rules, they winter well, and grow strong and healthy.
If the soil is saturated and heavy, then you should not deepen the tuber. It is enough to dig it into the ground at a distance equal to the height of the bulb itself. When planted in sandy soil tuber have different. Multiply the height of the bulb by 2 - this will be the desired depth.
Crocuses are watered moderately until the blooming part begins to die, and the plant does not enter the resting phase.In the spring, after the descent of snow, the soil is sufficiently moist. But if winter was without snow, and spring is dry, then crocuses are watered a little. Lack of moisture will not cause the bulb to die off, but the bud may be less than what is needed for this variety.
Weeding and loosening crocuses need to be done only after the emergence of sprouts, otherwise you can damage the bulb. After the flowering stops, crocuses do not need extra care.
You do not have to apply a lot of fertilizer if crocus grows on your site. Flowers, the care of which involves the periodic addition of phosphorus (during the flowering period) or potassium (before wintering), is rather unpretentious. When planting, you can make a little compost, this will be quite enough for excellent flowering and strengthening plants.
It is forbidden to apply fresh organic matter as a fertilizer, since it causes only the appearance of diseases. The first feeding is carried out in the spring, when there is an intensive growth. Enough right on the ground (or snow) to scatter the right amount of mineral fertilizers.
Wintering in the ground
It is surprising that such a delicate flower can calmly survive the coldest time of the year.In fact, the plant tolerates frost well and does not require additional protection. On the other hand, in winter, when birds and rodents have to get food for themselves, crocus tubers can be excellent prey. That is why it is enough to cover the ground in the place where the bulbs are located with ordinary branches, and then remove them with the onset of winter. Spring came? Do not rush to loosen the land where crocus grows. The flower should release the first shoots. And only after that you can cultivate the soil. It is believed that even frosts down to -5 ° C are not dangerous for this plant.
Growing at home
If you want to enjoy the flowering of crocus on the balcony in your own apartment, then choose the coolest room - the flowers feel great at a temperature of 10 ° ... 15 ° C. Crocus - home flower,but the most unusual is that it can bloom to a clearly fixed date. It is only necessary to create the necessary conditions and carry out the procedure. Immediately make a reservation that you should not try to create a multi-colored "miracle" in one pot, mixing all possible varieties. The effect will be the opposite, since different hybrids have different timing and duration of flowering.
Acquire bulbs 3 months before the expected date. Choose a low but wide tank that needs to be filled with light soil with neutral acidity. If there is ordinary soil, it is quite possible to mix it with sand. So the soil will pass water, which is necessary for creating optimal conditions. At the bottom you can pour clay. Onions are often planted directly into a layer of sand poured onto a layer of soil - this is how the roots get the right nutrition, and in addition, there is protection from the stagnation of excess moisture. Take care that the tubers do not touch each other and are not near the wall of the pot.
Storage should be kept in a dark place at a temperature of + 4 ° ... + 10 ° C for 8-10 weeks. The emergence of sprouts 4-6 cm in height indicates that the time has come for flowering. Conditions change a little. Now the plant requires a lot of light and temperature increase up to + 12 ° ... + 16 ° С.Crocus flowersappear in 10-15 days and delight the eye for 2-2.5 weeks. It is possible to slightly extend this moment, if at night to take the flowers to a cool room, where the temperature is set at + 2 ° ... + 5 ° C. When moistening the soil, make sure that the top layer has time to dry a little. Crocuses are resistant to drought, and excess moisture is destructive for them.
When the flowering period is over, you can dig up the tubers and give them a little rest. Within a couple of months, the bulbs will be ready for flowering again.If you want to surprise guests for the New Year, think about buying onions in September or early October. And then for the winter holidays you will have a wonderful reason to present the amazingly beautifully blooming crocuses on the windowsill!