Cultivation of stalked celery in the open field: methods and recommendations for the care
Valuable and useful vegetable culture, which is famous for its healing properties, is stalked celery. Cultivation and care in the open field is not difficult, but the procedure involves many nuances. To obtain a large crop, it is necessary to study the rules of growing and caring for the plant, constantly adding, thinning and fertilizing the plant.
Nowadays, celery is one of the main green inhabitants who came to the table from the garden. It is used not only for medicinal purposes, but also added to various dishes. All trace elements and beneficial substances found in the plant heal the human body and strengthen it.
On the beneficial properties of stalked celery can talk for hours. It not only rejuvenates the body, but also enriches it with acids, proteins, vitamins and minerals. In addition, celery:
- Supports immunity.
- Calms the nervous system.
- Treats vascular and heart pathologies.
- Prevents infectious diseases.
- Treats diseases of the kidneys, urinary and genital systems.
- Relieves hypertension.
- It acts as an antiseptic, helps with inflammatory processes.
- Facilitates the digestibility of proteins.
- Excellent effect on the digestive tract.
- Celery is often taken as a prophylactic against atherosclerosis.
After viewing all the points, it becomes clear that growing stalked celery on a home garden bed brings many benefits not only to adults, but also to children.
Despite all the beneficial properties, experts do not recommend consuming celery celery in large quantities. Especially you need to refrain pregnant women under 28 weeks and lactating mothers. The fact is that in celery are essential oils and substances that can provoke premature birth.
Also, celery is contraindicated for people suffering from:
- varicose veins;
- thyroid disease.
Excessive consumption negatively affects the brain, stimulates the secretion of juice in the stomach.You need to be careful, because improper diet contributes to the appearance of many diseases. Before you start eating and growing celery stalk in your garden, you should consult with your doctor and find out whether this ingredient is beneficial in your diet.
How to eat celery
Celery - is a multifaceted vegetable, it is used in different guises. Many people prefer to eat the root vegetable raw or add it to a variety of foods: salads or served as a side dish. Celery is used in Chinese, French, English cuisines. It is used as a seasoning, in dried form, boiled, make decoctions and squeeze the juice.
Celery juice cleanses the kidneys, removes harmful substances from the body, improves skin tone and acts as a fat burning agent. Celery enriches the body with nutrients and relieves pain. Growing stalked celery through seedlings makes it possible to use young plant shoots as a separate dish. A variety of recipes using stalked celery will enrich the diet, as it goes well with other products.
Types and celery varieties
The taste and characteristics of the cultivation of celery is divided into three main types:
- Sheet. This species is grown to get leaves full of vitamins.
- Celery stalk. Grown in the open field to obtain beneficial processes that enrich the diet.
- Root view. Glorified by its root system, as root vegetables are good for the body.
Celery varieties surprise with their diversity. They differ in properties, method of application and external indicators. The most popular varieties are “Bodrost”, “Nezhny”, “Zakhar”, “Golden”, “Jung”, “White Feather”, “Diamant”, “Maxim”.
How to use celery
Due to its beneficial properties, celery is one of the leading places in traditional medicine. Healers use it to treat a variety of diseases, for example:
- A stomach ulcer. To prepare, pour hot tea with a teaspoon of chopped celery root, set on a slow fire. When the broth is boiling, insist ten minutes and filter.
- Kidney disease. For the broth will need seeds, pour them with water and bring to a boil, then remove from heat and add a spoonful of honey.If stones are already formed in the kidneys, it is better not to take the broth.
- Allergic reactions. To allergies go faster, you need to prepare an infusion of celery. Take four teaspoons of milled root and pour water. The mixture is left to infuse for three hours.
- Purulent inflammations. We make porridge-like mass out of the petioles and smear the inflamed areas with it.
Self-grown stalked celery is considered more natural than that purchased from the store shelf or on the market. Men use it as an aphrodisiac. Celery contains Androsterone - a hormone that increases potency. Also, the plant is used as a remedy for prostatitis.
In addition, people with extra pounds, use celery to release the body from toxins and normalize metabolism. This is gaining popularity in recent times the main component of healthy fresh juices and juices used in the fight against obesity, according to the program detox.
The use of celery favorably affects the female body. Celery is used as a dietary supplement. Regular use has a positive effect on the condition of hair, nails and skin.
Growing stalked celery
Cultivate and care for stalked celery in the same way as other varieties. There is only one difference: the petiole needs strong hilling. Sometimes the procedure is repeated several times if necessary. This is what helps to whiten and removes all the bitterness.
The number of stalks depends on the type of celery and agrotechnical specificity. This variety is low in calories, it contains a lot of fiber, potassium and zinc. Iron and magnesium are also found in this vegetable, but in small quantities. In the temperate continental climate zone, not all celery varieties are suitable for cultivation.
Celery Seed Preparation
Before planting, you must first prepare the soil and seeds of stalked celery. It is necessary to loosen the earth and feed it with fertilizers; it is better to use humus as fertilizer. Also pre-prepared and processed to be and celery seeds.
A week before planting, the seeds should be soaked in a solution of potassium permanganate. With the help of such manipulations, they are disinfected, and the pathogens are destroyed. After soaking the seeds should be placed in gauze and leave them until the first shoots.The solution should not be too concentrated, as it will negatively affect the seeds of celery.
Planting celery seeds for seedlings
When planted and grown petiolate celery seed, use special boxes filled with soil. Before sowing the seeds, it is necessary to moisten the soil slightly and only then evenly distribute the planting material. All grains need to stick into the ground and cover the box with a film or put the glass on top.
The first shoots appear three weeks after sowing. All this period, you need to take care of the seeds: regularly water, air and maintain the optimum temperature in the region of 21-24aboutC. Even after the appearance of the first shoots, care does not need to be stopped.
Planted in open soil need only grown sprouts. It is better to grow seedlings of stalked celery in the heat, it can not withstand strong temperature drops. Seedlings need to be planted at a distance of 0.25 meters sprout from the sprout. Each seedling must be covered with a plastic bottle and powdered soil with sawdust. Weeding the beds is better gradually, as the young shoots grow.It is necessary to add liquid potash fertilizers to water for irrigation.
Cultivation and care of stalked celery in the open field provides for the implementation of certain rules and regulations. The frequency of watering directly depends on weather conditions, in the rainy period it is not necessary to add additional beds, everything should be in moderation. Over time, the soil subsides, so from time to time it is necessary to loosen and remove the weeds that have appeared.
If the beds are too thick, the sprouts should be thinned, while removing weak plants. Organic and inorganic substances, which include nitrogen, are used as feed. Thanks to timely feeding, the yield increases several times.
An important feature of the cultivation of stalked celery is bleaching of the stalks. For quick bleaching, the petioles are tied in a bun and wrapped with packaging parchment or straw. Wrap the stems should be carefully, without leaving the slightest gleam. It is not recommended to bury petioles in the ground, as this will affect their taste.
Bleached stems are more delicate and tasty.The main thing is to close them from sunlight in time and remove hard stalks, otherwise they will not be bleached. It is simple to save bleached petioles: they are placed in a cool room and consumed gradually.
Diseases and pests of the plant
Growing stalked celery ("Utah" or other varieties) provides many different subtleties. Very often a plant is attacked by diseases and pests. To get rid of such problems, you need to know how to protect against pests and diseases. Celery celery constantly affects diseases such as:
- heart rot;
- stem rot;
- viral mosaic;
- bacterial blotch;
Proper compliance with agronomic and technical standards is the main method of dealing with unwanted guests. To protect the plant, it is necessary to destroy disease vectors. Celery suffers from snails, slugs, shovels and carrot flies. With the help of crop rotation, frequent weeding, timely watering and thinning, it is possible to ensure that the pests are no longer disturbed by the plant. Celery is often planted interspersed with a variety of plants.This is very helpful in the fight against snails.
Problems and difficulties in growing
Celery celery is a very fastidious and thermophilic root vegetable. It is necessary to know when to plant and grow stalked celery from seeds, and this will require a lot of patience and attention. Even the most seemingly minor errors can negatively affect the growth and development of celery. When starting to grow, consider the following:
- It is necessary to water the plant carefully and regularly, as the insufficiently moistened soil will affect the taste characteristics of celery.
- Timely planting seedlings. Overgrown and weakened sprouts better not planted.
- If the core of the plant begins to rot, this indicates the appearance of bacteria. The rotted areas are not immediately visible, so celery should be inspected from time to time.
- To sprouts well and rapidly developed, they are placed in a humid environment, and this is the ideal place of residence for snails and slugs. To prevent the occurrence of pests. need to regularly clean and weed the beds.
- Growing and caring for celery in open ground, you must remember that a large amount of nitrogen in the ground leads to cracking of petioles.
To work and efforts were justified, you need a little patience and follow the recommendations. Only in this way you will be able to get a rich harvest and high-quality feathers of the plant, fit for human consumption in any of the above listed species. As you can see, the cultivation of stalked celery and care in the open field or in a pot is not very difficult. And this will help you to the recommendations filed above.
Having learned how to grow this garden crop and care for it, you will be pleased with the generous harvest and high taste indicators. Good conditions and careful care will fill the celery with vitamins, trace elements, carbohydrates. After reviewing the healing properties of the plant, we can conclude that you need to introduce it into your diet gradually and not be zealous.