The drug "Diclofenac" (gel) - a description and recommendations for use

Today, pharmaceutical companies produce various forms of products - powders, tablets, injections and, of course, ointments and gels. One of the most popular preparations in the form of a gel is Diclofenac. This fact is determined by the low price and the effectiveness of the product.

The composition of the drug

The main active ingredient of the drug is diclofenac sodium. In addition, the drug "Diclofenac" (gel) contains in its composition auxiliary components, due to which the tool penetrates better into the tissues and retains its healing properties for a long time, namely:

  • rectified ethanol;

  • triethanolamine;

  • propylene glycol;

  • methyl larahydroxybenzonate;

  • carbomer;

  • purified water;

  • lavender oil.diclofenac gel

Forms of release and concentration of the drug

The drug “Diclofenac” (gel) is produced in aluminum tubes of 40 and 50 g. In addition to the volume, the concentration of the active substance differs:

  • 5% - 1 g of the product contains 50 g of diclofenac sodium;

  • 3% - 1 g of the product contains 30 g of diclofenac sodium;

  • 1% - 1 g of the product contains 10 g of diclofenac sodium.

Pharmacological action of the drug

The drug "Diclofenac" (gel) (instructions for the drug will be described below) has an analgesic effect and has a pronounced anti-inflammatory effect. Under his influence, COX-1, COX-2 enzymes are inhibited, and the metabolism of prostaglandins and the synthesis of arachidonic acid are also disturbed. Thus, the drug stops the spread of inflammation and prevents its development in the nearest tissues. Due to its properties, Diclofenac gel can be used as a decongestant, if the cause of the edema is inflammation. Also, with pain syndromes, the drug can perform the role of local anesthesia, eating painful sensations caused an inflammatory process. In places of inflammation, the gel reduces swelling, and also significantly reduces or eliminates pain.diclofenac gel indications for use

Indications for use

The drug "Diclofenac" (gel) is prescribed in the following conditions:

  • ankylosing spondylitis;

  • rheumatoid arthritis;

  • acute gouty, psoriatic, infectious, traumatic arthritis;

  • bursitis;

  • osteoarthritis;

  • radiculitis;

  • tendovaginitis;

  • thrombophlebitis;

  • myalgia;

  • neuralgia;

  • injuries of ligaments, tendons, muscles and joints;

  • soft tissue rheumatism (localized forms).diclofenac gel application instructions

Diclofenac medication (gel): instructions for use

1 g of the product is applied to the affected areas of the body, then gently rub in for 1-2 minutes, use the drug no more than 4 times a day. 4 g of gel - the average daily dose of the drug. Children over 6 years old and teenagers per day can use no more than 2 g of gel. Drug treatment duration is 2 weeks.

Contraindications

This drug is contraindicated for use in children under 6 years of age, as well as for:

  • violation of the integrity of the skin;

  • pregnancy (3rd trimester);

  • breastfeeding;

  • hypersensitivity to the components of the drug, in particular - to diclofenac;

  • hypersensitivity to salicylates or other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.

Side effect

As a rule, the drug "Diclofenac" (gel) is well tolerated. However, if the instructions for use are not followed, allergic reactions may occur in some patients: sensation of heat, flushing, itching, rash, in some cases - infiltration, abscess, necrosis of fatty tissue.When applied to large areas of the body or with prolonged use, dizziness, headaches, anxiety, insomnia, irritability, fatigue may appear. Rarely, the side effect of the medication may be visual impairment, tinnitus, sleep disturbance, convulsions, tremor, mental problems, depression. Sometimes it is possible the development of anemia, leukopenia, thrombocytopenia, agranulocytosis.diclofenac gel instruction

Drug overdose

Due to the extremely low systemic absorption of the active components of the agent when applied externally, there is practically no overdose. In case of accidental oral administration of the drug in large quantities (more than 20 g), systemic undesirable reactions characteristic of NSAIDs may appear. In such a situation, it is necessary to wash the stomach and drink activated charcoal.

special instructions

The drug should be applied exclusively on intact skin, avoiding the ingestion of the gel on the mucous membranes, wounds, eyes. After skin treatment, an occlusive dressing should not be applied. The drug is used with caution in the following conditions:

  • hepatic porphyria (exacerbation);

  • erosive ulcerative lesions of the gastrointestinal tract;

  • bronchial asthma;

  • severe disorders of the liver and kidneys;

  • heart failure of a chronic nature;

  • 1st, 2nd trimester of pregnancy.

    anti-inflammatory drug diclofenac gel

With special care, use 5% Diclofenac gel for bleeding disorders (for hemophilia, bleeding tendency).

Interaction with other drugs

The tool can enhance the action of drugs that cause photosensitization. To date, data on the interaction with other drugs is not available.

Storage conditions

Means "Diclofenac" (gel) should be stored in a dry cool place out of the reach of children, at a temperature of 15-25 ° C, not subject to freezing. The drug is valid for 2 years from the date of manufacture. Methods of use, the dose of the drug, the duration of treatment should be determined solely by the doctor. Self-medication can be dangerous to your health!

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