Etiology, symptoms and treatment of chronic cholecystitis
Chronic cholecystitis - inflammation in the biliary tracta bladder that flows with remissions and exacerbations, is accompanied by a violation of excretion of bile and is characterized by specific attacks. Prolonged stagnation of bile leads to the formation of concrements and the development of calculous form of the disease. An exacerbation of cholecystitis is most often observed after taking alcohol or fatty foods.
Causes of chronic cholecystitis
• congenital anatomical defects of the gallbladder and insufficient tone;
• biliary dyskinesia;
• constant overeating and development of obesity;
• presence of intestinal parasites: lamblia, amoeba, ascaris.
In the pathogenesis of the disease, the main role is played by the violation of gallbladder motility, when the normal outflow of bile changes and the infection joins.
I must say that the treatment of chroniccholecystitis should be done in a timely manner, because otherwise there may be spikes and deformations of the gallbladder, its fusion with the abdominal organs.
Clinic of chronic cholecystitis
Among the symptoms of this disease should beto call a burp, bitterness in the mouth, pain in the hypochondrium, which is intensified after eating sharp, fatty foods, alcohol, and after hypothermia and stress.
The attack of cholecystitis proceeds according to the type of colic when there is paroxysmal pain, nausea and vomiting, the temperature rises to subfebrile indicators.
It should also be noted that this disease can be characterized by atypical manifestations (for example, blunt pain in the heart, flatulence, constipation).
Treatment of chronic cholecystitis
Therapy is performed only after diagnosis, in which ultrasound, choleography, biochemical and general blood tests are most often used, as well as parasitic feces analysis.
Treatment of chronic cholecystitis should beunder the supervision of a gastroenterologist who prescribes antibiotics, antispasmodics and cholagogue preparations. It is worth noting that it is important to comply with the appropriate treatment regimen and diet.
When the disease worsens, a bedmode, physical and psychological rest, as well as limiting the amount of food. In the future, patients should be excluded from their diet fatty, fried, too salty and spicy dishes, eggs and fresh buns, sweets, alcohol, spices.
Treatment of chronic cholecystitis is directed toelimination of pathological symptoms and restoration of normal functioning of the digestive system. So, to reduce the pain can be prescribed drugs "No-shpa", "Dimedrol" or "Baralgin", and to eliminate nausea and vomiting - medicines "Motilium" or "Cerucal".
If chronic cholecystitis is caused by the influence of infectious agents, antibiotics must necessarily be included in the treatment regimen. For a good outflow of bile, cholagogue preparations are prescribed.
In addition, with this pathology, folk remedies are successfully used: spirituous tincture from the leaves of barberry, decoction of tansy, parsley, mint or rose hips.