Geography of the world. Where is Canada located
Canada is one of the most developed countries on the planet. Its economy, political and social structure serve as a model for many states.
Geography of Canada
The mainland where Canada is located is called North America. It is its most northern part that occupies this prosperous state, rich in minerals and other natural resources, such as forests and rivers, which serve as a source of electricity and transportation routes.
However, despite the numerous natural resources, not all of them are available for development and production. The geographical position of Canada in the north of North America is due to the fact that 75% of its territory is the region of the Far North. Canada is the second largest country in the world, second only to Russia.
In terms of population density, Canada is one of the least populated in the world, with a rate of 3.5 people per square kilometer. The most populated part of the region where Canada is located are the plains along the banks of the St. Lawrence River, as well as the area southeast of the Great Lakes.The main territories of Canada are very sparsely populated or not populated at all. Canada is very similar in geography to Russia.
In addition, since 1925, the country has arbitrarily seized part of the Arctic, but this ownership is not recognized by the world community.
The region where Canada is located began populating about 26,500 years ago, and by 7000 BC, settlers reached the province of Ontario. About those distant times in the culture of the Indians of Canada there are eight unique myths that tell about the land, conflict, world parent, resurrection, robbery, two brothers, two creators and the rivalry between them.
By the time European colonists arrived, the population of the region where Canada is located was between two hundred thousand and two million. Some Indians lived in permanent settlements like urban ones, while some preferred a lively lifestyle.
In addition, the culture of the indigenous population implied the existence of a complex social hierarchy and memorable historical places that contributed to the unification of society into a single organism.
The first colonies of Europeans
The first Europeans in Canada were the Norwegian Vikings, who reached its shores in the thousandth year, but failed to gain a foothold there for a long time, and the colony in Newfoundland ceased to exist. The next time the Europeans showed up off the coast of Canada in 1497. After that, several permanent fishing settlements established by the Portuguese appeared on the northern shores.
However, the present development of the northeastern coast of North America began with the arrival of representatives of the French crown in this region. The first full representative of the French kings in the new lands was Jacques Cartier, who came ashore in 1534 and gave the land he saw the name Canada. The French quickly formed close and friendly relations with the closest indigenous tribes.
However, it was not only the French who wanted to colonize the rich lands of northeastern America. The British Empire began to be quite active in colonization after the French government.
For almost two and a half centuries, fierce competition between France and Britain for dominion in Canada continued.However, after the revolution and the disconnection of the United States, the French rulers received a priority right to land ownership. This situation, however, did not last long, and soon the British troops significantly pressed the French.
In 1846, Britain and the United States agreed on the border between the United States and the British colony. Soon after, a quasi-federal colony was established in Canada, which had a certain level of autonomy in decision-making. In the second half of the XIX century, the active colonization of the internal prairies continues, which entails a strong political crisis, the cause of which is the dissatisfaction of local residents with colonial control.
Since 1931, Canada has become completely autonomous, since the Westminster Court of Great Britain affirmed Canada’s right to independently establish laws on its territory.
In 1949, Newfoundland joins Canada, and it becomes the tenth province of the country. Shortly after the transformation of the British Empire into the British Commonwealth, Canada became an independent state, although the British monarch continued to be its head.
The climatic zones of Canada are arctic, subarctic and temperate. And despite the rather harsh climatic conditions, the country boasts a developed economy, an important part of which is the mining industry and the chemical industry.
In addition, high-precision engineering and software production are of great importance in the country's economy. Canada is a member of the UN and many other international organizations. The capital of the country is the city of Ottawa and the number of time zones in Canada is six, and each of them belongs to the North American Pacific time.