Grapes Kodryanka: description of the variety, characteristics, characteristics of cultivation, reviews
We all know very well that grapes are a very useful berry. It contains: fiber, organic acids, B vitamins, potassium, phosphorus, calcium, iron, and many other micro and macro elements. In the world there are about 8 thousand of the most varied grapes. Each of them has its own peculiarities of cultivation and distinctive taste. This article will review the Kodryanka grapes, reviews about it and its characteristics.
The homeland of this culture can be called Moldova. It was there that in 1985 at the National Institute of Viticulture and Winemaking for the first time, by breeding, a new type of grape was introduced, - Codreanca. The newer and modern name is Black Magic. To obtain this variety crossed two species - Marshall and Moldova.And, indeed, if you compare all these cultures, you can find a great similarity.
Codrius has long elongated berries, like Marshall, but they received a bright dark purple color, apparently from the variety Moldova. Black grapes have a very early ripening period. Berry maturity reaches 110-115 days after the appearance of buds. Codryanka grape bushes themselves are vigorous and unpretentious to growing conditions. The largest berries reach 32 mm in length and 20 mm in width.
Growing berries for yourself and for sale, the first thing that interests the gardener is, of course, taste. Despite the fact that the Kodryanka grapes are quite unpretentious, it has excellent taste. It is quite sweet (about 18%), but there is also a slight sourness. The grape pulp is juicy and dense, and a small amount of seed is easily separated. The skin is also quite soft and practically does not feel when chewing. The great advantage of this variety is that it is stored for a long time and at the same time does not lose its taste.
Having learned about the excellent taste qualities of the Kodryanka grape, you probably already thought that it would not hurt to plant it in your summer cottage.And this is the right decision, because this variety requires almost no special care. At the same time, it is well acclimatized and can give a small harvest in 2 years.
For planting, you must choose a good annual grape seedlings Codreanca. You can buy them in specialized stores or make your own if you know where to get a few cuttings. So, making annual seedlings is not so difficult.
As a rule, cuttings are pruned in the fall and placed in a cool place (cellar) until February - early March. Then for several days they are completely soaked in water. After this, the cuttings need to be dried a little and cut so that there will be at least two buds on one future seedling. And from the bottom to the cut - 1.5 cm, and from the top - 2.3 cm. Next, you need to move the cut cuttings into a half-liter jar, pour 1/3 of water into it and put in a warm sunny place. After some time, the upper bud begins to bloom, and after another 5-6 days the first roots will appear. When the street is already warm enough and the ground warms up to 15-20 ° C, the cuttings can be prikopat in the ground. Next year you will receive excellent seedlings.In addition, in order for the cutting to quickly start growing roots, it can be treated with special means that accelerate growth, the so-called plant root-stimulants ("Kornevin", "Zircon", "Heteroauxin").
Despite the fact that the Kodryanka grape variety can survive in almost any conditions, there are some tricks to help you grow quality and very powerful bushes. First of all, it should be remembered that grapes love not only the sun, but also moisture. For planting seedlings need to make a groove in the ground, not too wide. At the bottom it is necessary to pour a few leaves, peat, wood ash, humus. Fertilizer poured a little earth, ram and then put a sapling. It is necessary to straighten its roots and well sprinkle with earth. If you plant seedlings in the fall, they must also be warmed. To do this, put on a plastic bottle and sprinkle well with earth, but not completely. Then it should be abundantly fill the plant with water. For winter, grapes should be well covered. If you plan to plant grapes in the spring, then it needs to be slightly grated (for a week) on the south side (temper). If this is not done, the plant can dry out from a sharp temperature drop.It is also advisable to put a peg near the grapes in order not to accidentally trample it.
Caring for the grape variety Kodryanka
Since this culture is quite picky, it does not require special care. But, like any grape, this variety also likes abundant watering. Codrians grow in almost any soil and are resistant to many diseases. At the same time, one of the biggest drawbacks is that this variety is prone to pea. In other words, in some clusters one can observe a large number of small berries. In general, of course, it depends on irrigation and the availability of fertilizers. An important role is played by the quality of the seedlings themselves. In winter, the grapes should be instilled, and then the next year you can get a good harvest. But if you forget to do it, the bush will not disappear, as the variety withstands frost to minus 22 degrees. On the other hand, if you do not add grapes, then the yield may drop significantly, and the grapes themselves will be peanut. In addition, in the first few years, pruning of Codrean grapes is not recommended.
Lack of variety
As mentioned earlier, one of the biggest shortcomings of Cadreans is that it is prone to pea.If watering and fertilizer are normal, then most likely the reason is pollination, or rather, its lack. Since not all flowers are fertilized in the inflorescences, some grapes "degenerate" and for this reason do not grow to the desired size. If you grow this crop for yourself, then, in principle, this is not such a big drawback, given that the “pea” itself is sweet enough to taste. But for those who grow this variety for sale, this is a significant disadvantage. But with this problem, the growers have learned to cope. Using special means, accelerating the growth of plants, it is possible to achieve that of the "peas" grow large, sweet, seedless berries. At the same time clusters can weigh more than 500 grams.
Considering in detail the description of grapes Kodryanka, we can conclude that this is a fairly good crop, which requires a minimum of care, but it gives an excellent harvest. First of all, these are very tasty and rather large berries, which both adults and children like. The clusters themselves are quite massive, and the weight of one is approximately 400-500 g.The variety is perfect for beginners, because it requires a minimum of care and is suitable for almost any climate, it can be cultivated in any region of the country. In principle, Kodryanka grapes can be found on almost every summer cottage. Gardeners say that it is easy to care for him and at the same time it is quite tasty.
Growing up for sale
The market sells grape Kodryanka, the description of which we have already studied, quite often. This is because the variety is very well stored and transported. But at the same time, if you are going to grow it for sale, it should be understood that it will require more care. Of course, it is recommended to spray grapes before flowering and after the first ovary. Of course, the root of the plant should also be fertilized. To do this, use superphosphate, ammonium nitrate, potassium salt.
Especially important fertilizing before flowering. In order to prevent pea, should:
- time to thin out the bushes;
- grow it in open and well ventilated areas;
- to spray the bushes with water during flowering, the winegrowers say that this method contributes to the fact that pollen sticks better to the pistils.
To make the plant winter better, after flowering it should be fed with potash fertilizers. It is recommended to fertilize the grapes with manure every three to four years.
Well, if you follow all the above recommendations, it means that you will be able to harvest a great harvest. Characteristics of the Kodryanka grape allow you to use it for making compotes, juices, as well as delicious semi-dry table wine. As mentioned earlier, grapes contain about 18% sugar and about 4-5 g / l acidity. This allows you to make it a semi-dry table wine of excellent quality.
The preparation will also require sugar and the necessary containers. First you need to sort the berries. For wine should be used only well matured, without damage. Rotten and dry are recommended to be thrown away, as they will spoil the taste of the noble drink.
So, ripened and good grapes must be crushed and placed in a large container, where they will wander. It is not necessary to wash the berries, since there are yeasts on their surface, which are necessary for good fermentation.
The pulp (crushed berries) must be closed with a lid and put in a warm room. After 3-4 days, it should be pressed, and the wort should be placed in clean cylinders. It is necessary to fill the container by ¾ so that there is a place for fermentation. Now, to make a strong, tasty wine, you need to add sugar. It is he who, reacting with grape yeast, will release alcohol. It is very important to add sugar in small portions (approximately 600 g per 10 liters of wort) every 4-5 days. In general, at a temperature of 20-24 ° C, the wort will ferment no more than 15 days.
At the end of fermentation, it must be carefully drained, separating the remaining yeast, poured into the container right under the neck and allowed to stand for several years. What is the taste of Kodryanka grapes and wine based on it? A little tart, with a little sourness. Young wine is strictly forbidden to drink, as it corrodes the intestinal walls and can cause serious diseases.