Medics of the forest: which representatives of the animal world clean the nature
This article will help define the concept of "forest nurses" and consider the main representatives of natural cleaners of nature from harmful creatures.
The main function of forest nurses
A man used to call forestry man those animals that naturally clean the surrounding nature from harmful and defective animals and insects. Some may consider that this option of natural selection is very cruel, but here nature has taken care to prevent global disruptions in the integral system of the natural complex with a small amount of harm. The orderlies of the forest perform an important function, which mother nature itself has endowed them.
The representative of the predatory forest orderlies - the wolf
The wolf is an important animal in the natural environment. Because of its predatory nature, the wolf feeds on the meat of other animals.Many may wonder why wolves are nurses of the forest if they are strong and bloodthirsty animals? Due to an active lifestyle, a wolf needs to eat up to 10% of its body weight to fully replenish its strength.
Wolves are pack animals that are able to evaluate their strength in an attack. Most often they hunt in flocks or groups and choose a victim that they can overcome. In their hunt, these predatory orderlies of the forest choose a weaker, and sometimes a sick animal, in order for sure to get the meat necessary for life. It happens that wolves can eat and carrion. Since wolves kill defective representatives of various types of animals, they purify nature from weak individuals, preventing subsequent reproduction of defective species.
How do ants clean the environment?
Very often, a person is affected by the organization of ant colonies. Hardworking insects devote their whole life to certain work. Their life resembles a caste distribution, as there are ants that perform only the labor function, and there are those that are intended for carrying eggs and protecting them.
Ants are forest nurses for several reasons. Due to its unique ability to carry large loads, ants are able to feed on huge larvae of harmful insects. Throwing a large group, they kill the larva and carry it into the house in order to feed the rest of the ants.
In the same way, these little forest orderlies are capable of killing field mice and injured birds. For convenience of transportation, ants can divide the prey into several parts and by common efforts in a short period of time transfer it to their home.
In addition to the cleansing function, ants also have the property of participating in soil formation. Due to this, in some states these insects are under the protection of the law.
What kind of bird is a forest orderly?
Birds perfectly cope with the destruction of malicious insects, pupae and caterpillars that destroy plants and trees. The main bearer of the forest is a woodpecker known to many from childhood. In the elementary school classes, children often talk about how they manage to protect plants from harmful insects.
In one day, this bird can kill up to 900 insects that live in the bark of trees and more than 60 large beetles. In our latitudes, there are several species of woodpeckers.Gray-headed, white-backed, large and small variegated, three-fingered are the most frequent inhabitants of Russian forests. These orderlies of the forest with their beaks makes holes in the bark of trees and takes out an insect from there. It happens that insects can flee from his knock on the other side of a tree. However, the woodpecker is a very sensitive bird, and it manages to intercept the insect before it even has time to escape. Large woodpeckers can destroy both large larvae of barbel and zlatok from massive trees.
Along with the woodpecker, there are other representatives of birds, which naturally clean the forest from harmful insects. Nightingale is famous not only for its ability to please people with recognizable singing, but also for its ability to clean meadows, gardens and forests from aphids and small beetles. A malicious locust easily destroys the pink nightingale.The cuckoo is capable of harvesting forest hairy caterpillars that disrupt the work of the plants, but at the same time such caterpillars are not interested in other birds. Starlings also have the ability to clear the forest.