Non-hormonal ointment for psoriasis: review of drugs, list, reviews
By psoriasis is meant a disease of the skin, accompanied by itching, rash and redness. This disease does not allow a person to live a full life. In addition to being hampered by persistent itching, the symptoms of the disease reduce the patient’s visual appeal. Peeling on the skin is like a versicolor that repels others from a person. Psoriasis causes not only problems related to its treatment, but also psychological difficulties. Therapy of the disease should be carried out in a complex, which includes the use of non-hormonal ointments for psoriasis.
The basic principles of treatment
Each drug has advantages and contraindications, so a dermatologist must prescribe it.
For proper treatment, the following steps must be followed:
- The appointment of ointment for psoriasis depends largely on the form of the disease, its stage and extent of the process.
- If the inflammatory process is strongly pronounced on the skin, the concentration of the main component in the medicinal preparation should be less.
- Ointment is selected based on the individual characteristics of the patient. If it suits one patient, then it is not necessary that this will help reduce the symptoms of the disease in another.
- Before applying the ointment, it must be applied to a small area of the skin to prevent an allergic reaction to the active ingredients of the drug.
- It is not recommended to use several ointments at the same time and without the appointment of a specialist.
- The drug must be applied to the skin 2 times a day for 2-4 weeks. Course duration should be no more than 3 months.
- To achieve the effect of a separate ointment is best applied under the bandage.
- An integrated approach is used for treatment: pills, injections and physiotherapy.
- Stressful situations should be avoided.
- Abandon bad habits and eliminate from the diet foods with high allergic qualities.
The application of these recommendations in the treatment of psoriasis will reduce the symptoms of the disease and ease the overall condition.
The benefits of hormone-free ointments
Medicines, in the composition of which there are hormones, the doctor prescribes only in the acute stage of the disease and the severity of its manifestations. The effect of the use of such ointments is usually noticeable after a few days from the beginning of its use.
With prolonged use of hormonal drugs may develop side effects and atrophy of the skin. Among other things, they are addictive organism.
The appointment of hormonal ointments leads to a complicated course of psoriasis, therefore, dermatologists prescribe non-hormonal drugs. Such drugs allow you to get an effective result during treatment.
The main advantages of non-hormonal ointments for psoriasis:
- it is allowed to process significant areas of the skin;
- do not affect the hormonal background of the body;
- not addictive;
- affordable prices;
- Do not cause atrophy of the skin.
General characteristics of ointments
Ointments are the main drugs prescribed by a dermatologist. They contain the active substance and fatty basis. Thanks to the fat, evaporation of moisture from the skin surface is reduced,which reduces heat transfer and increases the temperature at the site of application of the ointment. Absorption of drugs that make up the product increases.
There are the following types of bases:
- Solid oil.
- Vegetable oils.
Basics such as naphthalan and grease can additionally have a therapeutic effect.
Instructions for use "Salicylic Ointment", drugs based on tar and grease contains some features.
Non-hormonal ointments for psoriasis have the following properties:
Most ointments can have a combined effect. They contain a small amount of active substances, which allows the use of funds in the period of exacerbation of the disease.
Salicylic and Zinc Ointment
Dermatologists often prescribe zinc ointment for psoriasis. In its composition there are no harmful additives that have a negative effect on the human body. The ointment consists of two components:
- Zinc Oxide.
Zinc oxide, as an active ingredient, has a local anti-inflammatory effect.It restores the skin, pre-drying the place of the lesion.
Zinc ointment for the disease can be used as a disinfectant and emollient.
A dermatologist prescribes a remedy only after a personal examination to avoid a local allergic reaction.
"Tsinokap" (psoriasis ointment) is a non-hormonal agent that is used for external use. The main component of the drug is zinc pyrithione.
The basic substance contained in the ointment helps to fight bacteria and fungi, and also prevents the reappearance of infection.
When using Tsinokapa, the skin stops losing moisture, which reduces itching, dry skin and leads to its gradual recovery.
For the treatment of psoriasis, the drug is applied to the affected areas at least 2-3 times a day until the symptoms of the disease decrease. Therapy takes 1 month, but if necessary, the procedure should be repeated.
Of all the drugs used in the treatment of psoriasis, "Salicylic Ointment" occupies a special place. Its active ingredient is salicylic acid. This substance was originally bred from the willow bark by the Italian scientist Raphael Piria.
"Salicylic ointment" for psoriasis has anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial action, which has a positive effect on the affected area of the skin. It helps to clear plaques from the horny scales of the skin, which are abundantly covered with diseased areas.
It is “Salicylic Ointment” that is able to free the sore spot from scabs and cracks, which bleed and cause serious inconvenience to the patient.
Alone, the tool is not able to completely relieve the patient from psoriasis, it alleviates serious symptoms of the disease and reduces the processes of inflammation in the affected areas of the body.
According to the instructions for use "Salicylic Ointment", it must be applied to the affected areas in a small amount. A sterile napkin is placed on top, which is also impregnated with this agent. Before using the ointment, the diseased areas are cleaned of necrotic tissue and blisters, which are opened. Everything is thoroughly disinfected. The dressing must be changed every 2-3 days.
When applying "Salicylic Ointment," you must avoid birthmarks and warts, which are located on the face and body.When using the tool should not allow it to fall on the mucous membranes. If this happens, rinse immediately with water.
Tar ointments are widely used in the treatment of the disease, which is in the regressive and stationary stages. Tar is obtained from birch birch bark by distillation. The effect that the ointment has:
- preventing the formation of abnormal cells.
When treating with tar ointments, it is necessary to avoid exposure of the sun to the skin.
The funds include 5% "Tar Ointment" and "Colloidin", which in addition to tar contains salicylic acid, sulfur, collodion.
Preparations of naphthalan oil and grease
Naftalan oil is a special type of oil that has healing properties and is produced in Naftalan (Azerbaijan).
The main medicinal qualities are based on a combination of resins, hydrocarbons and cyclopentanoic acids, provide the following effects:
For ointments with oil include:
- Ichthyol-naphthalan, which contains naphthalan and ichthyol.
- "Losterin" is a drug that contains naphthalan, salicylic acid and urea.
Ointments, the main component of which is naphthalan, are widely used to treat psoriasis.
Preparations that contain medical grease in their composition have been used by dermatologists for the last 60 years. It is included in the composition of the funds as the main component, and sometimes as an auxiliary one.
The main advantages of ointments with grease:
- Possess antipruritic and anti-inflammatory properties.
- Accelerate tissue regeneration.
To ointments that contain grease, include: "Magnipsor", "Psorilom", "Kartalin".
A feature of "Kartalinovoy ointment" is the absence of hormonal and synthetic components, which makes it completely harmless.
The preparation includes calendula, lavender, vitamin A, propolis, salicylic acid, eucalyptus.
The ointment has the following properties:
"Kartalin" must be applied to clean skin without using any dressings that can worsen the condition of the skin.After treatment of the affected areas, it is not recommended to leave the house and contact with sunlight.
Ointment with vitamins
Ointment with vitamins D for psoriasis - fortified medicinal means, which are used to treat skin diseases. They have regenerating properties, strengthen the skin and restore its functionality.
Ointments containing vitamin D have the following qualities:
"Dayvoneks" with psoriasis,containing vitamin D, has the following properties:
- promotes active therapeutic action;
- restores the skin;
- replenishes an insufficient amount of vitamin D;
- used in various types of psoriasis.
Preparations containing vitamin D provide treatment for psoriasis and eliminate its symptoms.
Contraindications to the use of non-hormonal ointments
Drugs that do not contain hormones, have many useful properties. Along with their effectiveness, there are the following contraindications:
- allergic reactions;
- infectious diseases;
- gestation period;
- breastfeeding period.
Before applying non-hormonal ointment for psoriasis on the skin, it is necessary to conduct a small test. Initially smear a small area of skin and wait until the tool begins to act. If visible allergic reactions in the form of itching, redness and rash were not found, then we can safely use the drug for the treatment of psoriasis.
In case of kidney pathology "Salicylic ointment" is better not to be treated, but to give preference to "Zinc", in the absence of individual intolerance of the main component.
"Zinocap" should not be used with drugs containing hormones.
The treatment with Dayvonex should be abandoned if the patient is diagnosed with renal or hepatic failure.
"Kartalin" can not be applied to the skin. When applying it, it must be remembered that it is incompatible with sunlight and ultraviolet.
"Psiriaten" is not used for therapy if the patient has liver and kidney diseases, as well as dermatitis. It is not used in conjunction with physiotherapy and sunbathing.
Side effects of non-hormonal psoriasis ointments
There are no ointments that would not have side effects.When using salicylic and zinc ointment, itching and burning may increase. Sometimes swelling occurs on the skin. After applying the ointment on the affected area may be an allergic reaction. As a result, the rash may worsen even more.
Such drugs as Zinocap, Losterin and Psoriasin ointment are well tolerated by the body. No side effects were detected. In very rare cases, an allergic reaction may occur that is caused by long-term use.
Ointment "Dayvoneks" has many side effects. There can be reactions on the skin, disturbed metabolism and reduced immunity. Sometimes rash and itching increases. Dryness of the skin increases, it begins peeling. Sometimes during the treatment there is dermatitis and various eczema. Sometimes the symptoms of psoriasis are worse. In some cases, swelling appears on the face.
The most dangerous complication after the use of "Dayvoneks" can be a violation of the normal functioning of the immune system, which manifests itself in the form of urticaria and allergies. Sometimes there are constipation, fatigue and problems associated with concentration.In some cases, there is a decrease in muscle tone.
Videstim enhances itching and allergic reactions. This also applies to the use of Kartalina. Such drugs are best taken with antihistamines. In some cases, drowsiness, headache and rash appear.
“Magnipsor” causes itching and hives. All these symptoms are accompanied by fever. When taking "Akurstal" there are local reactions, rashes and allergic manifestations.
"Psoriadin" can trigger the transition of the disease to a more severe stage. In this case, the development of allergic reactions and related diseases.
Dosage and administration
All non-hormonal psoriasis ointments are applied externally. They are applied to places that are affected by the disease, a thin layer. The frequency and duration of use depends on the characteristics of the course of the disease. The dosage and route of administration prescribed by the doctor.
Before use, the ointment should be applied to a small area of skin. If the adverse reaction does not occur, then the affected area can be completely treated.
In various ointments, there are some features of their application.When using "Salicylic Acid" mixed with petrolatum, which will improve the therapeutic effect. It is applied to the affected area and covered with a bandage that changes every day.
"Zinc ointment" is applied externally, and the duration of its use depends on the symptoms of psoriasis.
"Dayvoneks" is applied to the affected areas 2 times a day. The therapeutic effect becomes visible after 1-2 weeks of use.
"Naftalan ointment" is applied to the sore spot, but before applying it is better to heat it to 38 degrees. Keep on the affected area for at least 20 minutes, rinse off with water after the time has elapsed.
"Cytospor" is applied with a thin layer on the affected area. Dosage and duration of treatment is selected by a doctor.
Cases of overdose of ointments were not detected. In rare cases, the symptoms of psoriasis may increase, as well as redness, itching and skin rashes.
The most effective non-hormonal ointment does not exist, because in different situations and at each stage of the disease a special tool may be needed. Only a specialist will be able to prescribe an ointment, which will help to quickly reduce the symptoms of psoriasis.