Social activity of personality
Within the framework of the article, the socialpersonality activity and its types, factors of social activity, as well as the consequences it has for society. Also, attention will be paid to its main characteristics and ways of development.
What is meant by activity? It should be noted that this is a generalized and at the same time complex concept. It is used to characterize living organisms. If we speak in general and in general, then we understand activity as an internal deterministic motion of living matter. But we are interested in a particular case - the behavior of an individual in society. And, revealing the topic of the article, it should be said that the social activity of the individual is the need of an individual to maintain or change the foundations of his life, according to his worldview and value orientations. Conditions and the environment of manifestation is a complex of all factors that affects a particular individual in society. Social activity is most often manifested in attempts to change the circumstances of people's lives (or themselves), so that a person (or a group) has a certain benefit. Also, it should be noted that there are ample opportunities for such activities. Of course, all activities are interrelated. But if a person can no longer walk, this does not mean that he will not take part in the life of society. This is possible because of the social nature of this type of activity.
Types and interactions
Social activity is most strongly associated withmental and physical manifestations. It determines their further development. In this case, there are separate provisions on which the social activity of the individual depends most. Its characteristic can be expressed in three words: world view, must and will. True, all these different sciences have a slightly different vision. To read them, you can read philosophical, psychological and sociological literature. Thus, activity can be considered not only as an activity itself, but also as a measure of its direction and the aggregate ability of a particular subject to enter into diverse active relations with the existing objective reality. There is no generally accepted interpretation of this phenomenon. There are generalized and narrower interpretations.
So, the only interpretation of the researchersno. Social activity of the individual in psychology, philosophy and other sciences is considered from the point of view of separate opinions. To bring them all is quite problematic. Therefore, they were the author of the three groups, which will be identified in this article:
- Social activity is a broader category than activity. In this case, it is implied that a person can exert a certain influence even with his own presence.
- Social activity is identified with activity. In this case, it means that everything that a person does is important for society.
- Social activity is narrowercategory, rather than activity. Adherents of this statement are people who believe that not all human actions can be viewed from a public point of view.
Opinions of researchers
For a better understanding of the topic of the article, I proposesee two approaches. The first was proposed by SA Potapova, who considers the world view and activity of the subject as part of one whole - social activity. In this case, not every action can be considered in such a channel. Only that activity is an indicator of social activity, which has certain quantitative and qualitative characteristics, related to each other. Independence is also a prerequisite. In other words, the activity should not be imposed from the outside. It must be a product of human needs. That is, to recognize a particular individual as a socially active subject, you need to make sure that he consciously realizes his needs.
The methodological conclusion of VG is also interesting Mordkovich. He regards activity as an essential sign of the subject. If a person is impelled by another's will, he becomes a carrier of activity. In other words, an individual turns from a subject into an object that performs other people's tasks, in which he has no need. To denote this kind of people, the concept of "socially passive" was introduced. It is noted that the driving influence on the activity is not all needs, but only those of them, the satisfaction of which has a social meaning or affects certain public interests. The structure of the behavioral model in this case depends on the objectives pursued by the subject and the preferred levers of influence.
Division by spheres
We have previously considered the division based on the theoretical approaches of the study. If we look at the practical result that social activity can manifest itself in the following spheres of life:
- Social and political;
Each species has its own subspecies.
Peculiarities of theoretical considerations
Social activity can be seen intwo main aspects. In the first, it appears as a property of personality. Social activity in this case is regarded as such that it is conditioned by natural data and characteristics that were formed and developed during educational, educational, training and practical processes. In other words, this quality shows how a person relates to the social environment and how he is able to solve emerging problems (both his own and other people). The second aspect considers activity as a certain measure of activity. In other words, a quantitative and qualitative assessment of the person's involvement in the existing and functioning system of social relations is given.
Assessment of social activity
In order to assess how it manifests itselfpeople, as a rule, use indicators such as diligence and initiative. Under the first one understands the individual's ability to perform the tasks at the required level in accordance with the requirements, norms and rules. Normality is often used to characterize performance.
As an example, you can recall the factories andexisting on them wage systems, where people are paid for the number of products created is not below a certain level of quality. If diligence is brought up from a young age, then initiative starts in childhood and gradually develops. Peak values it reaches in adulthood, when a person creates the greatest number of different ideas. All of them are evaluated according to the quality of elaboration, social value, direction of initiative, responsibility of the performer, duration, stability and frequency of manifestations. Also, those of them, where the person acted as an organizer or performer, can be taken apart. There are, of course, other indicators of evaluation, but this is the most universal. Let's look at a small example. In it, we combine the previously presented information.
An example of growth in social activity
To model the conditions, let us imagine thatactions will unfold in the socio-political sphere. So, we have an individual person. He does not take any active action and is a common ordinary inhabitant. At one particular moment, the "illumination" of the fact that something goes wrong in the public or political life of the state "condescends to it." He begins to collect information, attend various conferences, communicate with representatives of organizations that operate in this field. Thus, an individual becomes a passive participant in public life: he participates in it, but his possibilities of influencing it are close to zero. He shows social activity, but for the time being he is not a more or less significant participant, his social "weight" is very low. Over time, a person-individual begins to participate more actively in various events. Perhaps he even establishes his own social organization. This requires more time and effort from him, which must be given to the cause. Thus, social activity will grow. And it will not work idle, but to achieve certain goals that are pursued by man.
Social activity is an important parameter whenthe study of the involvement of the population in the process of government. Also, if there are thoughts about large-scale state or public activities, then the activation of this characteristic of the population can serve a very good service.