Square of Arts: History and Modernity
In the Northern capital of hundreds of monumentshistorical figures, writers, poets. The city is like a great encyclopedia of arts, revealing its pages to those who want to learn the history of the Russian State.
One of the most exciting "pages" isThe Square of Arts, laid back in the nineteenth century. The designer was Carl Rossi, a world-famous architect. This square today is part of the World Heritage Site. It houses several theaters, hotels, museums. Here is a monument to Pushkin, installed in the park in 1957. Its authors were the architect Petrov and the sculptor Anikushin.
Of the five monuments adorning St. Petersburg, this is the most popular and recognized by the townspeople.
The monument to Pushkin in the Square of Arts hasan interesting story. The decision to create it was made back in 1936. Announced the All-Union competition for the best project, found a place on the Exchange Square (later it was named after the great poet), prepared the site. However, the construction was not asked: none of the contestants could not convey the essence of the poet, no one could offer a worthy project. The monument, solemnly laid in 1936, did not turn into a monument.
After the war, in 1947, the competition was announcedrepeatedly. This time the project was created, and the winner of the competition was a young graduate of the artistic Academy of Anikushin. He worked several years on the sculpture project. Only in 1957 the monument was installed. The Square of the Arts was decorated with the great creation of the Soviet architect, who managed to solve a difficult task: organically enter the monument into the historically formed architectural ensemble of the beloved place of the Leningraders. Today it seems that the monument was there since the end of the 19th century, the time when the area was only laid.
Today, the Square of Arts has completely preserved its historical appearance.
Its main architectural object is theMikhailovsky Palace, for the construction of which took a stunning (for those times) little time. The magnificent royal building was built only six years, from 1819 to 1825.
In the west, the Arts Square is adorned with two historic buildings dedicated to Melpomene. These theaters: opera and ballet (former Mikhailovsky) and Small.
A little further away is the PetersburgPhilharmonic. It is worth discussing it in some detail. Located in the ancient building of the Noble Assembly, the Philharmonic has always been one of Petrograd's favorite places. Even in the years of the Great Patriotic Philharmonic, the spirit of blockade continued unabatedconcerts. It was here that Shostakovich's famous "blockade" symphony was first performed.
The Arts Square is proud not only of thesearchitectural pearls and historic buildings. Here is the apartment of I. I. Brodsky, a Soviet painter, who is considered the founder of the current, called socialist realism.
Not far from the artist's apartment, the Grand Hotel Europe welcomes guests - the best hotel of the city, also organically inscribed in the architectural historical ensemble.