Stomatitis: treatment, types, complications
The mechanism of the disease
The mucous membrane of the mouth, especially in young children, is often subjected to inflammatory changes in the form of independent diseases. Stomatitis, whose treatment depends on the pathogen, occurs primarily under the influence of infection, or secondarily, as a complication of common pathological processes of varying severity. Viruses and bacteria that contribute to the development of the disease get into the oral cavity with food, through objects in contact with the oral cavity of the child - toys, dishes, and due to non-compliance with personal hygiene.
Types of stomatitis
Stomatitis, the treatment of which is individual in each case, is catarrhal, herpetic, and ulcerative. The form of the disease depends on the degree of damage.
Occurs in infants with improper care for them. Symptoms of the disease are expressed in the rejection of food, the appearance of drooling and sometimes fever. Visual inspection reveals redness and swelling of the oral mucosa, especially the gums, which may bleed. Tongue dry, lined.All symptoms indicate stomatitis in the mouth. Treatment consists of removing the inflammatory process by rinsing the mouth cavity with decoctions of herbs - calendula, chamomile, or soda solution. Instead of soda, you can use hydrogen peroxide. Give food to the child in liquid form, it is recommended to drink plenty of warm drink.
The most popular form of the disease in terms of incidence. Mostly affects children from six months to 3 years. Symptoms are expressed by a characteristic lesion of the oral mucosa. Aphthae appear - whitish-yellowish formations of various sizes, surrounded by a bright red inflammatory rim. Aphthae often affect the mucous membrane of the inner surface of the lips, tongue, cheeks, less often - the gums and hard palate. It starts with a rise in temperature to 37.5–38 ° C. On the mucous membrane of the mouth appears hyperemia, swelling of the gingival margin. There may be an increase in lymph nodes. There is nausea, vomiting. Children who can speak complain of a headache. Salivation, bleeding gums. Herpetic stomatitis, the treatment of which is aimed primarily at the destruction of the virus, requires an integrated approach that includes both general and local measures.A child must be provided with individual dishes.
It is observed mainly in children who have teeth, more often if they have carious teeth. Gangrenous stomatitis can develop in children weakened by other diseases: pneumonia, dysentery, measles, etc. The required treatment in this situation is general and local therapy. In general, antibiotics are used. With local - various solutions for irrigation. The consequence of this form of stomatitis may be the disintegration of the tissues of the oral mucosa.
Traditional treatments and stomatitis
Treatment of folk remedies is the preparation of decoctions of herbs based on anti-inflammatory herbal remedies - chamomile, calendula. Sea buckthorn oil is used for local therapy in the formation of ulcers.
Stomatitis, the treatment of which must necessarily be carried out, can give serious complications, turning into the most complicated form of pathology with necrotization of the surrounding tissues.