The explosion at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant
Explosion at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant is certainly possibleconsider the largest man-made disaster in the history of mankind. This is not the first and not the last tragedy, which is connected with nuclear energy, but so far nothing comparable in scale to what happened on April 26, 1986, no. And I really want to believe that there will not be. The consequences of that accident make themselves felt until now, although many of the victims have long been dead. However, the radiation that killed them has a detrimental effect on their children and grandchildren.
All this, naturally, gave rise to doubt in the mindsmany people: how safe is the use of atomic energy? This issue is all the more acute, because most of the materials on Chernobyl have not yet been declassified. Yes, and with the causes of the disaster, it's not all clear that only pours oil on the fire. Immediately afterwards, all the fault was entirely assigned to the personnel of the station. However, considering that all commissions included, first of all, the people who designed the reactor and the station itself, it is difficult to assume a different result. Now there are several versions of why the explosion at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant took place: these are design defects of a particular type of reactor, and the marriage in the equipment of a certain station, and the failure of the reactor cooling system, and the experiment conducted that evening, and the violation of the technical regulations by station personnel .
It's safe to say that out of all thisreally became the cause of the disaster, it is impossible. Most likely, there was a combination of all these factors. Ironically, an experiment was conducted that evening to ensure the safety of the station in the event of an emergency.
The explosion at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant could have caused significantly lessharm, if then it was not decided, as long as possible to maintain secrecy. Even the residents of the closest settlements to the last station were sure that nothing dangerous had happened, although it was necessary to start an instant evacuation of the population.
Export the population began only after 2 days,28 April. It was then that the Soviet media gave information about the tragedy in Chernobyl, although foreign publications wrote about it very much. And it is not known how many secrets would have continued if the gusty wind had not brought radioactive clouds to Europe.
And then you can see the difference in attitudegovernments to their citizens. The first raised radioactive background was recorded by workers of one of the nuclear power plants in Finland. Even before it was clarified that the problem was not of a local nature, the population of surrounding cities and towns was evacuated.
The explosion of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant took place late at night. Firefighters arrived first to the scene of the accident. They quickly realized what really happened, however, despite the lack of appropriate equipment, they finished their work, and by morning the fire was extinguished. Over the next few days, there was no way to approach the reactor, as its temperature exceeded the 5000 degree mark. And above the station a cloud formed, consisting of a huge number of minute radioactive particles.
When the temperature was asleep, the station was dug upa huge moat. The remains of the exploded reactor were stacked in it. Then all this was filled with a thick layer of solid concrete to avoid leakage of radiation. But with a cloud of destructive ash, nothing could be done, and eventually it completely skirted the earth. Unfortunately, because of this, the explosion at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant affected practically every corner of our planet.
But most of all the disaster affected those,who eliminated its consequences. And here in many respects the desire to hide the incident and its consequences from the inhabitants of the country again played a role. The doctors received instructions to all those who do not have obvious signs of radiation sickness, to diagnose "vegetative-vascular dystonia". Because of this, those who eliminated the consequences of the explosion experienced difficulties proving that their condition caused an explosion at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant.
It is hard to imagine what a huge harmcaused this catastrophe to the whole planet. Its consequences still make themselves felt: the number of cancer patients and children born with various deformities, including Down's syndrome, has increased.