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The largest dump truck in the world (24 photos)

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The BelAZ company created the world's largest dump truck, the BelAZ-75710, with a lifting capacity of 450 tons, which is equivalent to three hundred Ford Focus, 37 double-decker buses or two and a half blue whales. By the way, the Airbus A380 - the largest passenger aircraft in the world - weighs significantly less, only 277 tons.
Let's look at this machine more ...
The biggest dump truck in the world

On September 25, the world's largest mining dump truck BelAZ-75710 was presented at the test site. The load capacity of the new machine is 450 tons. Prior to this, the biggest trucks were BelAZ-75601 (created at the Belarusian Automobile Plant in 2007) and the Swiss Liebherr T282B (which appeared in 2003) - both with a lifting capacity of 360 tons. The total weight of the car is 810 tons. Soon the car will be entered in the Guinness Book of Records.
The power plant of the record BelAZ-75710 includes 2 diesel engines with a total power of 8500 hp, designed to supply energy to electric motors, which set in motion the giant wheels of the truck.The maximum speed of the supercar is 64 km / h.
The biggest dump truck in the world

The equipment of the BelAZ-75710 includes a dead zone monitoring system, air conditioning, an alarm system to approach the high-voltage line, as well as a fire extinguishing system. The largest mining truck in the world is designed to work in difficult conditions on open-cast mining and in deep quarries at temperatures from -50 to +50 degrees. 8 dump truck wheels, equipped with tubeless tires, make it possible for a heavy car to easily travel along technological roads.
The biggest dump truck in the world

The BelAZ-75710 was presented in the city of Zhodino, in honor of the 65th anniversary of the Belarusian Automobile Plant, known worldwide for its heavy machinery and dump trucks. The appearance of the largest truck in the world is dictated by modern conditions, when the mining industry requires more and more heavy and powerful equipment. In recent years, the production of ultra-high-capacity mining dump trucks has doubled and the growth trend continues. Taking into account the demand in the market, BelAZ will produce about 1000 such cars per year.
The biggest dump truck in the world

In order to increase production rates, a development program has been actively carried out at the Belarusian enterprise over the past year and a half, under which new workshops with an area of ​​more than 30 thousand have been built.square meters. A lot of new equipment appeared, and in the near future it is planned to install about 700 machines and special technological installations. Currently, BelAZ produces the widest range of mining dump trucks. Not a single manufacturer in the world has a similar number of models. In addition, the resource of cars increased from 400 thousand to 1 million kilometers. In total, in its entire history, the Belarusian Automobile Plant produced more than 500 different models with a lifting capacity from 30 to 450 tons. For all the time it was made 136 thousand. Machines that are operated in 72 countries.
The biggest dump truck in the world

The Belarusian Automobile Plant, the construction of which began near the city of Zhodino near Minsk (then as the Peat Engineering Plant) in 1948, today produces products whose world analogues can be counted on the fingers of one hand.
For more than half a century, the history of the Belarusian automobile enterprise near Minsk produced more than 120,000 units of mining equipment. BelAZ operates in almost 50 countries of the world. And the history of the plant began in the Soviet way every day: in 1946, the authorities decided to build a plant for peat engineering (Decree of the Supreme Soviet of the BSSR of September 11, 1946 No. 137/308).Literally in 2 years Belpromproject has already completed the development and coordination of the plant project. So, from the planning phase, the Belarusians moved to the construction of buildings.
The biggest dump truck in the world

The Zhodino enterprise showed its first products in 1950, and the following year, the Peat Engineering Plant was redeveloped into the Dormash Road and Land Reclamation Machines Plant. In 1958, the company received a new name, under which it is still known - “Belarusian Automobile Plant”. The first 25-ton dump truck MAZ-525 rolled out of the gate of the enterprise with a new name.
Further more. In the same year, the production of 25-ton MAZ-525 dump trucks was transferred to Zhodino from the Minsk Automobile Plant. And in 1960, in the Minsk region, the production of the first samples of the MAZ-530 dump truck with a lifting capacity of 40 tons was launched.
But the company, which bore the proud name of an automobile plant, didn’t have enough to assemble a truck under a license. Therefore, in 1960, it began to design trucks of a fundamentally new design for the development of mineral deposits in the open way.
However, already in April 1960, its own design service was created at BelAZ, which was headed by Z.L.Sirotkin, who arrived in Zhodino from Minsk together with a group of designers of MAZ. The newly created department needed to solve a difficult problem. Not long ago, the MAZ-525, which was considered a model of new technology, ceased to meet the increasing requirements of the operators. Powerful mining and coal pits, large hydraulic engineering projects, and the construction industry enterprises needed more high-performance dump trucks, which were most adapted, above all, to the working conditions in the quarries.
The design department and the management of the enterprise decided not to improve the existing model of the dump truck, but to create a completely new car. This period can be called a landmark in the history of the Belarusian Automobile Plant. The factory designers studied the operating conditions and the required technical characteristics of the future dump truck, the contours of the future machine were born on the vertical of the control panels, and the correctness of the technical solutions was checked on the test benches.
The biggest dump truck in the world

Perhaps now it may seem incredible, but then, in an era of unprecedented labor enthusiasm of the first post-war five-year plans,It was an almost ordinary event: in less than one year, the young plant created a fundamentally new mining dump truck with a carrying capacity of 27 tons under the name BelAZ-540, the prototype of which was released in September 1961.
The design of this car was laid many new engineering solutions for engineering, subsequently ensuring a highly efficient operation of the dump truck in terms of quarries. This is a pneumatichydraulic suspension for the first time applied in the practice of the domestic automotive industry, which provided a high smoothness in both loaded and unloaded condition, a hydromechanical transmission, which was also the first time in the practice of our mechanical engineering to be used for mass-produced cars, the original layout: get the minimum base and minimum dimensions and thereby increase the maneuverability of the machine, increase its stability, the platform bucket a type allowed to lower the center of gravity and also increase the stability of the vehicle. Original solutions for steering systems and tilting platforms,plumage and other nodes have become traditional in the creation of dump trucks of the next capacity classes.
The biggest dump truck in the world

The BelAZ-540 became the ancestor of a whole family of heavy-duty dump trucks. In 1967, the company mastered the production of a 40-ton dump truck BelAZ-548A, designed with the maximum possible unification of the main components and parts of the two machines.
1968 was the year of birth of the prototype BelAZ-549 - the basic dump truck with a load class of 75-80 tons, the first sample with an electromechanical transmission. In 1977, prototypes of the BelAZ-7519 dump truck were manufactured - the basic dump truck of 110-120 tons payload class. Six years later, the plant began mass production of the BelAZ-75211 - the basic dump truck of a class of carrying capacity of 170-220 tons.
By 1986, the plant could produce up to 6,000 units of such equipment per year, which amounted to half of world production.
The biggest dump truck in the world

They were not going to stop at this at the BelAZ. In 1963, a prototype of the second development of the plant’s designers, the BelAZ-548 dump truck with a lifting capacity of 40 tons, comes off the assembly line.
In 1966, at the Belarusian Automobile Plant, the BelAZ-548A dump truck, the basic dump truck of 40–45 t lifting capacity class, was launched.The plant itself was awarded the Order of the Red Banner of Labor and received a gold medal at the international exhibition in Plovdiv for the BelAZ-540.
The BelAZ-549 dump truck with a lifting capacity of 75 tons was another new Belarusian automobile enterprise. The first prototype of this car with a lifting capacity of 75–80 tons was released in 1968. The unique developments of the Belarusians seriously declared themselves to the entire Union, proving that such giants can be created in a small republic.
The biggest dump truck in the world

The next stage of design came in the 70s. In 1977, prototypes of the BelAZ-7519 dump truck with a carrying capacity of 110 tons appeared - the basic dump truck of 110-120 tons carrying capacity. Thus, the Belarusian company jumped over several weight categories in one jump.
In 1978, the plant mastered a new technique for itself - airfield towers for towing airplanes with a take-off weight of 100 tons. Fortunately, the Belarusians already had a chassis for them. But it was too early to put an end to the race for the increase in BelAZ properties. In 1982, prototypes of the 170-tonne dump truck BelAZ-75211, a representative of the class of carrying capacity of 170-200 tons, left the Zhodino conveyor.
The biggest dump truck in the world

In the early 1990s,marked by the collapse of the USSR and a sharp reduction in production, BelAZ did not stop production of any of the dump truck models covering the load range from 30 to 220 tons. Moreover, it included in the production program other special heavy transport equipment, the production of which had been mastered since the nineties of the last century: off-road dump trucks with hydromechanical transmission, construction road machines and machines for maintenance of mining and transport operations, such as loaders, bulldozers, towing vehicles and irrigating machines; equipment for underground works, machinery for metallurgical enterprises, etc.
In 1990, the BelAZ even made a splash, having built a huge dump truck with a lifting capacity of 280 tons. The car turned out so serious that after it appeared the engineers' heat was slightly cooled. In 1994, the Belarusians again turned to the “small” class: a prototype model of the BelAZ-7555 dump truck with a lifting capacity of 55 tons was created, the head model of a new family of dump trucks with hydromechanical transmission. Two years later, it was followed by the release of a 130-ton BelAZ-75131, which became the firstborn in the new family of dump trucks with an electromechanical transmission.
The biggest dump truck in the world

However, by the 1998 crisis year, they realized in Zhodino that without a serious modernization of production, the future prospects of the plant were vague. At BelAZ, reconstruction of the existing production began, focused on upgrading mining equipment, developing new models, improving the quality and technical level of both individual components and systems, and the equipment produced as a whole.
As a result, in 2000, the production association (the plant received its status in 1995) was awarded the Crystal Nike Award under the International Partnership for Progress program, and to the Director General of BelAZ P.? L. Mariev was awarded the title of “Director of the Year”, and later the title of “Hero of Belarus”.
Being flattered by success, the Belarusians set to work with renewed vigor, and built in 2002 an all-wheel drive articulated dump truck BelAZ-7528 with a lifting capacity of 36 tons, as well as a 77-tonne, BelAZ-7555G.
The biggest dump truck in the world

In the early 1990s, marked by the collapse of the USSR and a sharp decline in production, BelAZ did not stop producing any of the models of mining dump trucks covering a load range from 30 to 220 tons. Moreover, it included in the production program other special heavy transport equipment,the production of which was mastered since the nineties of the last century: off-road dump trucks with hydromechanical transmission, road-building machines and machines for the maintenance of mining and transport operations, such as loaders, bulldozers, towing vehicles and water-growing machines; equipment for underground works, machinery for metallurgical enterprises, etc.
Progressive solutions incorporated in the design of the first Belarusian dump trucks allowed to further improve the components and systems of machines of all load classes, introduce new components and materials, gradually modernize the dump trucks with the creation of diesel engines, transmissions and tires made by various companies. Factory specialists have always paid special attention to the adaptability of technology to operating conditions, creating in each class of dump trucks options in the northern and tropical versions, for the transport of light loads, etc.
The biggest dump truck in the world

The range of vehicles manufactured by the Belorussian Automobile Plant was also supplemented by a new generation of machines - the 55-tonne dump truck BelAZ-7555,a dump truck BelAZ-75131 with a lifting capacity of 130 tons, which was designed taking into account more than 15 years of operating experience of the predecessor - a 120-ton dump truck, as well as the largest dump truck in the history of the domestic automotive industry, the BelAZ-75600 with a loading capacity of 320 tons.
In total, in the entire history of the management of the chief designer of the Belarusian Automobile Plant, more than 600 modifications of mining dump trucks with a capacity from 27 to 320 tons were developed, the company produced more than 130 thousand dump trucks, which in the entire history of the plant were shipped to more than 70 countries.
The biggest dump truck in the world

Significantly expanded the production line of BelAZ, and above all at the expense of underground subjects, the inclusion of Mogilev Automobile Plant in its structure. The department of underground and road construction equipment, carrying out design support for production at the branch in Mogilyov, also joined the design service of the Belarusian Automobile Plant. The special design office of UGK BelAZ is developing the design of freight rolling stock, produced at the Mogilev car-building plant, which also recently became part of the BelAZ production association.
Only recently, pilot-production batches have been developed and manufactured at BelAZ:
- 90-ton dump trucks BelAZ-75570 with a 6-speed hydromechanical gearbox; according to the test results, the serial production preparation is completed, an experimental-industrial batch of mining dump trucks has been shipped to Belogorsk LLC “Rusal Transport Achinsk”;
- 45-tonne dump trucks BelAZ-75450 with a service life increased to 600 thousand km, the prototype of which was successfully tested in the Chelyabinsk region of Russia at OAO Yuzhuralzoloto;
- 320-ton dump trucks BelAZ-75600. The first machine of this series passed acceptance tests in operating conditions at OAO UK Kuzbassrazrezugol in the Kemerovo Region, which showed that the use of BelAZ-75600 dump trucks provides an increase in productivity of 35-40% and a corresponding reduction in transport costs. On the basis of the main units of the 320-tonne, the BelAZ-75601 mining dump truck with a lifting capacity of 360 tons was developed, the prototype of which was made for the anniversary of the UGK.
The biggest dump truck in the world

However, it would be wrong to assert that the birth of mining equipment, which was developed and produced at BelAZ for half a century, is only due to the Belarusian land.BELAZ managed to accomplish a huge amount of research and design work in creating machines with hydromechanical transmission in the 60s of the last century thanks to the wide cooperation of the plant with many organizations, including NAMI, Electric Welding Institute, Barnaul Transport Engineering Plant, Yaroslavl Motor Plant and others.
The creation of the first sample of a dump truck with an electromechanical transmission BelAZ-549 with a lifting capacity of 75 tons was carried out according to the program of the State Committee of Science and Technology of the USSR with the participation of co-executors, including the Ural Turbo-Motor Plant, the Dinamo plant, the Scientific Research Institute of the Civil Engineering (Dnipropetrovsk), and Sibelektroprivod.
The biggest dump truck in the world

A new generation of equipment received a start in life at the largest mining enterprises, where prototype tests were carried out and the correctness of the adopted technical solutions was tested: at the Bachatsky and Neryungri coal mines, Olenegorsky, Lebedinsky and Balkhashsky GOKs, Pechenganikel and other enterprises.
The scientific and technical center BelAZ, created in 2005, united in its structure the management of the chief designer,the department of underground and road construction machinery, the experimental workshop and the testing laboratory, consolidated the creative powers of not only the plant workers, but also the mining scientific institutions of the CIS countries, such as the Federal State Unitary Enterprise TsNII-Chermet. Ib Bardeen ", Krivoy Rog Technical University, Research and Design Institute" Yakutniproalmaz ", St. Petersburg State Mining Institute, etc.
On the day of the 50th anniversary celebration at BelAZ, an exhibition of the products manufactured by the company was organized, where they showed both mass-produced equipment and new developments.
One of the company's novelties was the largest mining dump truck in the line of BelAZ-75601 vehicles with a lifting capacity of 360 tons.
The biggest dump truck in the world

It is designed as a machine of a higher technical level and class of carrying capacity using the base assemblies of the BelAZ-75600 dump truck and component parts and assemblies of leading global manufacturers. It is equipped with a diesel engine MTU 20V4000 with a capacity of 3,750 hp, an alternating current transmission by Siemens, tires measuring 59/80 R63 with a diameter of 4 meters.
And the main surprise of the exhibition was the machine of the future generation - the remote-controlled mining truck BelAZ-75137.This is a prototype that the company's specialists only teach to “walk.” Further development of the design of the dump truck dictates the need to develop a fully autonomously controlled machine without human intervention. Such development is designed to reduce the impact of the human factor while working in hard-to-reach mining sites with dangerous operating conditions, as well as to eliminate the impact on the dump truck operator of harmful environmental factors.
The control system of this dump truck consists of an onboard control system and a working (remote) operator's seat. The optical-electronic system installed on the dump truck ensures the safety of driving the car in all weather and climatic conditions, even in the dark.
Diesel engine MTU DD 12V4000 with a capacity of 1,623 hp With the new electronic fuel management and diagnostic system, it meets the requirements for the emission of toxic substances Tier1. On the dump truck, AC-DC transmission is used, there are a number of new design solutions in various systems of the giant.

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