Thyroid hyperplasia: symptoms, diagnosis, causes of the disease
The thyroid gland is an endocrine gland and is responsible for the production of certain hormones. The hormones triiodothyronine and thyroxin are responsible for the metabolism and support the normal growth and development of body tissues. Calcitonin, also produced by the thyroid gland, controls calcium levels in the cells and contributes to the healthy development of the skeletal system. The normal functioning of the gland can be impaired under the influence of poor ecology, carcinogens, as well as with insufficient intake of iodine in the body. All these factors lead to the fact that there are various pathologies, including hyperplasia of the thyroid gland. There is a need for proper diagnosis and treatment.
Thyroid hyperplasia can be detected in the early stages of development using ultrasound diagnostics.Ultrasonograms provide a clear image of the lateral and medial margin of the lateral glands, which provides guidelines for ultrasonic morphometry. When changing the scanning plane, it becomes possible to study the relative position of the isthmus and the lateral lobes of the thyroid gland relative to the muscles of the neck, trachea and esophagus. Thus, the linear dimensions of the gland are determined. When a statement of increased size can be diagnosed hyperplasia of the thyroid gland.
Causes of disease
During the life of a person, various external and internal factors constantly affect his body. These effects cause the thyroid gland to reduce or increase the synthesis of hormones. Differences in the functioning of the gland can lead to disruptions in its work and the beginning of the development of the disease. For example, hyperplasia of the thyroid gland 1 degree. Here are examples of factors that can affect the health of the gland:
- genetic factors;
- psycho-emotional overload;
- iodine deficiency;
- poor radiation background;
- infectious diseases.
As mentioned above, thyroid hyperplasia and its other diseases are diagnosed by observing its linear dimensions.Therefore, ultrasound is the most common diagnostic method here. However, there are a number of signs according to which a person himself may suspect problems in this area. You should carefully monitor the state of your body and notice significant changes.They can relate to increased fatigue, the appearance of excessive nervousness, sharp fluctuations in body weight. Women according to statistics suffer from similar diseases more often than men. The risk of getting sick is especially high during pregnancy. At the same time, problems with the work of the thyroid gland can negatively affect the health of not only the mother, but also the fetus. Therefore, all women in this period should with special attention to monitor their health. Obligatory supervision at the endocrinologist is necessary. It is timely diagnosis will help the doctor to carry out effective treatment of diseases of the thyroid gland.