Uzbek dresses: distinctive features
Almost every nation on our planet boasts its own attributes. They always included national attire, whose style depended on the geographical location of the country, the economic component, etc. After centuries, the national costume undergoes changes, but the general features remain unchanged. So, one of the most colorful and vibrant outfits in the world are Uzbek dresses. They can not be confused with other national attire, because there are certain elements that are exclusively women and girls of Uzbekistan.
It is noteworthy that the Uzbek national costume surprisingly combines the features of all eastern dresses and at the same time has its own unique features. Despite the fact that over time, Uzbek dresses have changed, they in their present form have preserved the richness of the cultural heritage of Eastern peoples and traces of the historical past,which has its roots in ancient times.
The most basic feature of the national Uzbek costume is beautiful embroidery in gold. Of course, such outfits were worn not by commoners, but by representatives of the rich class and rulers. The latter gave similar costumes to those close to them and received the same gifts in return.
Materials such as velvet and silk were taken for embroidery. In the subject of patterns, floral motifs prevailed and, very rarely, geometric designs. With the help of embroidery, women decorated not only Uzbek dresses, but also shoes, hats and other elements of apparel.
Colors and materials
It is known that each region of Uzbekistan has its own color preferences regarding clothes. But one thing is common for all citizens - Uzbeks "do not respect" the dark shades in their attire, because there is such a belief that a dark suit can bring trouble to a house. According to the color decisions of the woman’s attire, people could judge the position in the society of her husband. Wealthy men acquired purple or blue clothes for their wives, while wives of artisans dressed in Uzbek dresses of green tones.
National costumes are different in that they are sewn from expensive fabrics: velvet, velvet, silk, satin, etc. These materials have always been considered noble, and they were especially loved by the rich representatives of the country. The clothes are based on straight clippings of fabric, which in the most "deaf" villages were not even cut with scissors, but torn in a straight thread.
Traditional Women's Dress
National clothes for women in Uzbekistan include a dress, harem pants, a dressing gown, shoes and a hat. To this all add more decorations of gold and silver. Traditionally, Uzbek ladies wear earrings called “Kashgar-boldak”, as well as domed earrings, and they adorn the neck with a necklace of coins or coral beads. Since ancient times, beauties have also used head decorations to create a full-fledged image.
The most important element in the ladies' dress is the Uzbek dress, the pattern of which and its variants are posted today on many websites. This dress has the name "kuylak" and in appearance resembles a modern tunic with long sleeves and floor length. Only at the beginning of the last century, diversity was added to the style of the dress. So, cuffs appeared on the sleeves, and the collar was made in the form of small stands.
Also mandatory element of women's clothing are trousers, which even girls wear from early childhood. They are quite wide at the top and gradually tapering to the bottom, where they are decorated with braid and tassels.
Outerwear for women and girls has more variations than men's. Young ladies can wear a dressing gown that looks like a male chapan, long and fitted rumcu. And in some regions of Uzbekistan they wear a Mursak, which has common features with a bathrobe and tunic. By cut, Murshak is sewn with a smell and on a warm lining for cold weather.
About two centuries ago, fitted dressing gowns, whose sleeves were made shortened and tapered, entered women's fashion. And later the so-called sleeveless jackets (or nimcha) began to be popular.
In the role of a headdress serves a scarf, and often even two: one tie the forehead, and the other is used to cover the entire head.
National costume for men
If traditionally women wore Uzbek dresses with pants, then men wore shirts and pants too. Boots were made of genuine leather, and a skullcap or a turban was put on the head. Differently, the men's shirt is called “kuylak”, and earlier its length reached the knees and below. Now the style has changed, and shirts are sewn much shorter.The neck was carried out in two variations. The first option had a vertical cut, which was attached to the collar, and in the second, a horizontal cut was made in the collar area, reaching the shoulders.
Pants are made quite simply, without additional decorations and decors. They were ankle-length in length and looked like bloomers.
Separately, it is worth noting the men's bathrobe, which in its cut is the same for everyone, regardless of age and status. At various times of the year, they wear appropriate bathrobes: in the summer they wear thin summer ones, in the autumn - with a lining, and in winter they cannot do without warm cotton bathrobes. In each version there are small cutters on the sides so that the clothes do not hamper movement. Girdled with a special belt or belt, which was a cotton or silk scarf. The decor is a bright braid or fabric of other shades, and as fasteners - ties.
The headdress of the Uzbeks is a cotton skullcap made in dark green, blue or black.
Recently, modern women of fashion are interested in Uzbek satin or silk dresses.But it’s not for nothing that these fabrics are popular, since ancient times Uzbek women sewed their outfits only from natural materials. The atlas in this case is advantageous in that it gives chic along and at the same time perfectly keeps its shape, and natural silk does not cause skin irritations.
In addition, national Uzbek dresses come into fashion, the styles of which speak of the modesty and nobility of their owners. Also now in Uzbekistan it is fashionable to wear national outfits for a wedding celebration.