We populate the aquarium with java moss. Java moss in the aquarium: content, photo
Often, without knowing it ourselves, we plant Javanese moss in our aquariums, both large and very modest in size. Why is this happening? There can be a lot of explanations, but first of all it should be noted that although Javanese moss is considered one of the most common plants in modern aquarism, its correct name is not widely known. First of all, this, of course, concerns newcomers in this wonderful world of breeding fish at home. We consider it a beautiful seaweed or simply the decor of our aquarium. Meanwhile, this approach very often leads to the fact that sooner or later a plant that requires special care begins to hurt and eventually dies.
This article aims to introduce this amazing representative of the plant world.The reader will learn in detail about such a green inhabitant of the aquarium, like Javanese moss: how to plant, what to do for proper growth and development, reproduction nuances and habitat features.
Java moss is an ornamental aquarium plant from the family of hypnosis moss. Due to its unusual, one can even say a certain mysterious beauty, unpretentiousness, decorativeness and the ability to use the Javanese to spawn many species of spawn fish as a substrate, it has become very popular and widely distributed.
It should be noted that Javanese moss in an aquarium is almost the only plant that has no roots. Therefore, for its content soil is not required.
The Javanese moss, the breeding of which practically does not require special knowledge, is sufficient to simply fix on the surface, and it itself will firmly attach to the substrate with the help of its invisible suckers — the rhizoids.
By the way, not everyone knows that Javanese can be bred on large decorative stones, various snags and even coconut shells.
Where and how does moss grow in the wild
Javan (called javanese moss more in the scientific environment) in nature is found in the tropical zone, namely in Malaysia, India, Southeast Asia and on the island of Java.
As a rule, it grows in the form of soft thick and fluffy thickets, which are formed from the interweaving of thin green threadlike stems with tiny leaves of 2-3 mm growing on them.
Old shoots are very different from the young in darker green. The young leaves of the plant are much lighter than the old ones and have a salad color.
In height, Javanese moss, the content of which, as a rule, does not require special skills, reaches a maximum of 15 cm. In the aquatic environment, Javanese grows in both vertical and horizontal positions. When moss hits a snag in clear, transparent water with good lighting, the Javanese grows very quickly and forms wonderful dense thickets that resemble tiny jungles.
Since Javanese moss does not need to be carefully looked after, it is he who, as a rule, becomes an inhabitant of a novice aquarium.
What you need to know about this form. Soil and temperature
Although Javanese in the aquarium does not require special conditions for maintenance, it would be better if the water temperature in the tank he occupies stays within +23 ... + 30 degrees.The thing is that in an aquatic environment below 22 degrees, the moss will simply stop growing, and if the temperature drops even lower, the plant will completely disappear with time.
The acidity of the water should be between 5 and 8 Ph. And although the hardness of the environment to Javanese is absolutely indifferent, the water itself must be perfectly clean and clear.
A small stream of water has a favorable effect on the development of Javanese moss, so if there is a desire and opportunity to arrange a small flow, then it will be only better for the plant.
By the way, you should pay attention to the fact that in bright light the growth rate of the plant is very accelerated, and the color of the moss becomes much juicier.
Since the Javanese has no roots, soil is not needed at all for its cultivation. Javanese moss can significantly decorate the aquarium by simply cutting it in an arbitrary shape.
Experts say that, in fact, this type of moss has two main enemies - the so-called black beard and blue-green algae. They are extremely negative for the development and existence of this plant, so you should be wary of their appearance in your aquarium.
Fix the moss in the aquarium correctly
Uniquely and even a little mysterious and mysterious looks Javanese moss in the aquarium. Photos of such reservoirs usually become a source of pride of the owner and an object for envy on the part of those observing the life of an artificially created underwater kingdom.
However, in order to grow a real luxurious bush of Javanese moss, you must first find a suitable snag or large decorative stone. After that, the plant should be evenly distributed over the surface and wound tightly with a fishing line, not pressing the stems to the substrate.
Later, when the moss grows to the required volume, the line can not even be removed. But some aquarists still prefer to carefully remove it, trying not to damage the stems of the plant.
In perfectly clean and clear water, and especially with moderate lighting, Javanese moss will even grow without much effort in a very short time. It is worth paying attention to the fact that it multiplies by the vegetative method. Also Javanese can easily be grown separately in a special cuvette.
Use of javanese moss in an aquarium
This plant can not only be a great place to decorate an aquarium, but also to use it as a substrate for spawning certain species of fledgling fish. Why? The fact is that for spawning, it is really very suitable, since the plant itself is heavy, and from its weight it sinks in water, independently and very evenly located on the bottom.
Also, the moss is almost not afraid of the darkness, which is so necessary for the spawning of many species of fish.
Among other things, the structure of the plant protects and preserves the eggs from eating it with fish. Inside the plant, the fry will be able to find not only protection, but also food, because in Javanese, as a rule, there are a lot of ciliates, rotifers, which are ideal for feeding the fry.
Decorate the aquarium with moss
Many motley, merry frolics between plants and Javanese moss in an aquarium - a photo that, as a rule, inspires many people to buy their own aquarium. But acquiring a tank and filling it with water by running the fish is, as they say, only half the battle. Those who really want to achieve a great result should pay attention to creating the interior of a small underwater kingdom.
By the way, Javanese moss can perfectly decorate one of the walls of the aquarium, for example, the back. To do this, you first need to pick up a piece of plastic or steel mesh according to the exact size of the aquarium wall, which should be carefully washed with running water and spread on the table. Immediately, you need to attach special suckers to all four corners, with which then it will be attached to the wall of the aquarium.
After that, small pieces of moss are taken and laid out along the entire plane of the selected mesh. In most cases, Javanese moss is fixed with a very thin fishing line.
At the very end, the finished net with firmly fixed moss is dipped into the aquarium and carefully attached to the wall with suckers. Within a few weeks, the wall of the aquarium will be covered with a wonderful green carpet of Javanese moss and will delight not only the owners, but also the inhabitants of the aquarium.
Application and economic value
Java moss, the content of which is becoming more and more popular from year to year, is an ornamental aquarium plant that is used not only for beautiful decoration of aquariums, but also as a substrate in spawning grounds.
By the way, in spawning, it does not require additional fixation, since its specific weight is much more than water, and the porous structure, somewhat reminiscent of a sponge, has a beneficial effect in this important process of fish life.
Javanese moss, the content of which is generally rather easy, is also unpretentious in cultivation and grows in completely different water. However, it is still necessary to try not to deviate from the basic rules of maintenance: the water temperature should be between 23 and 30 degrees, and the lighting should be moderate and constantly maintained.
For spawning, the moss is best grown on a snag, to which it will independently and firmly attach itself with its sucker-stalks.