Weather conditions and climate in Novosibirsk
Novosibirsk is one of the largest cities in Russia. Until 1925, it was called Novo-Nikolaevsk. It is located on a plain in the center of Eurasia. The nearest major cities are Omsk, Krasnoyarsk, Barnaul.
The climate of Novosibirsk and the region is predominantly continental due to the fact that the region is located far from the seas and oceans. The only large reservoir located nearby is a city reservoir built on the Ob River. It is the location, or rather the coordinates of Novosibirsk, affect the weather conditions of the area.
The continental climate is characterized by sharp temperature changes. The winter season is very different from the summer. Air temperature can vary by 50 or even 60 degrees. In winter, the ground is covered with snow, thus avoiding freezing of the soil. In general, there is relatively little rainfall - up to 400 mm per year. For example, moderate sea-type climate is characterized by precipitation of up to 1000 mm, and for equatorial, up to 2000.
Many years ago in the territory of Novosibirsk, the climate was subtropical, and heat-loving plants grew here.But the proximity of glaciers affected the decrease in temperature and weather. The tundra was the predominant natural area for a long time, now it is a combination of forests, forest-steppes and steppes.
Climatic conditions are due to the geographical coordinates of Novosibirsk. The city is located approximately at the same latitude as the capital of Russia - 55 degrees north latitude. and 83 degrees east longitude.At this latitude there are cities such asKaliningradMoscowChelyabinsk and Omsk
Novosibirsk in the summer
This summer with an abundance of sun and rare rainfall lasts from June to August. The air temperature can sometimes reach up to 35 degrees above zero.It is quite difficult to endure such weather: breathing is difficult with dry air. Occasionally heavy rains and showers are possible, in August and June there are even frosts at night.
Summer is a short period compared to other seasons. The average temperature is about 20 degrees. But by the number of sunny days, the city surpasses Moscow and even Kazan, not to mention overcast St. Petersburg. Residents appreciate this short period of time and try to enjoy nature to the full: on the main streets they plant flowers, ennoble flowerbeds and parks.June is considered the warmest month (average temperature is 20 degrees).
City in winter
Winters in the Novosibirsk region are cold, periods of thaw are rare. The air temperature can drop to 40 degrees Celsius, often holds at around -20. January is recognized as the coldest winter month. There is precipitation in the form of snow, which lies until March. The first frosts can be in the beginning of autumn, but constant snow cover appears only in November.
Residents of the metropolis are accustomed to low temperatures in winter, so winter sports are popular here. On Christmas holidays, a big festival is annually held - the festival of ice sculptures. Creative groups, schoolchildren and student associations, even sculptors from other countries take part in it. And the resulting art objects then for a long time please the eye before they melt.
Spring and autumn
In the period between cold winters and hot summers, the weather often surprises the residents of the Novosibirsk region. This may be a sharp decrease in temperatures in May, the first frosts in September.A unique feature of the climate of Novosibirsk is a relatively low amount of precipitation. The region is quite sunny, so the soil is favorable for growing various crops.Vegetables are planted in the region: beets, potatoes, tomatoes. A large variety of trees grow here, in the summer there are mushrooms and berries.
From April to May, the vegetation on the territory is quite scarce. This is due to the high degree of freezing of the earth several meters deep. Only in late May - early June, the first shoots appear on the fields. Climate autumn comes in late August. The average temperature is 6.2 degrees, it gradually decreases with each month.
Climate change in Novosibirsk
Today we can say that the climatic conditions of this district are favorable for human health. Over time, the weather and climate in Novosibirsk vary slightly. Scientists say that the temperature of the air in the next century could rise by several degrees. It is noteworthy that this trend is characteristic not only for Siberia, but also for other cities of Russia. But such climate changes in Novosibirsk can lead to an increase in the population of insects (including harmful ones) and irreparable damage to agriculture.
Meteorologists constantly monitor changes in temperature and annual precipitation.It is noted that over the past half century, the average temperature has increased by 1.3 degrees. If the arguments of scientists are confirmed, the necessary measures will be taken, especially with regard to improving the ecological status of the region.