Why is yellow tongue? This is not a defect, but a problem.
The mucous membrane of the mouth is a habitat for various species of yeast-like saprophyte fungi. That is why the disease caused by yeast-like fungi of the candidosis family is called candidiasis. Behind pathological changes usually stand different types of bacteria and fungi. Of these, Candida albicans is an integral part of the human’s internal microflora, they can be found in 50-70% of people. Clinical signs, for example, candidiasis in the language, while absent. However, some fungi can also be found on the surface of the skin, urine and feces. They are 3-5 µm oval cells that multiply by budding and prefer an acidic environment. These microorganisms can reach the basal layer, penetrating into the cells of the epithelium.
What is considered the cause of candidiasis?
The main reason for the development of candidiasis is the weakening of the body's immunity. It can usually occur in case of a bright immunodeficiency, including malignant neoplasms, HIV, tuberculosis, etc. The patient may also have a yellow tongue.Favorable climate also causes diabetes. For chronic candidiasis, a blood test for glucose is required. Suppressing the body's immune system with corticosteroids can also enhance the development of yeast-like fungi. The widespread use of antibiotics in recent times can also be considered a causal increase in the number of patients with candidiasis. Violations in the composition of the resident microflora due to prolonged use of antibiotics can lead to the formation of dysbiosis. The cause of the development of candidiasis and a symptom such as yellow tongue may also lie in radiation exposure, use of alcoholic and narcotic drugs, as well as oral contraceptives.
Candidiasis is most common among infants and elderly people, whose body can be weakened by chronic diseases, the course of which is quite difficult.
Candidiasis has a number of clinical forms:
- superficial (mucous membranes, yellow tongue, skin and nails);
- chronic (in children);
The treatment of candidiasis involved a dentist.In the case of the presence of unfavorable factors, as well as in the case of neglect of the disease, there may be damage to internal organs (generalized form).
Symptoms of candidiasis
The symptoms of candidiasis are diverse, being dependent on the age of the patient and the level of activity of his immunity, they also include a white and yellow tongue coating. Candidiasis can be of two forms: acute and chronic. The first may be in the form of thrush, and the second is divided into two clinical types: hyperplastic and atrophic. These subspecies are characterized by both simultaneous and independent development.
Acute pseudomembranous glossitis
With this disease, which also has the name thrush, the patient may experience painful sensations along with dryness in the mouth and have a yellow tongue. The back of the tongue may turn red and have a dry, shiny surface. For accurate diagnosis and monitoring of the dynamics should be carried out bacterioscopic analysis.
How to treat candidiasis?
If there is a chronic form of candidiasis, it is necessary to visit a therapist, and generalized and visceral forms - a mycologist.One of the important aspects in the treatment of candidiasis is the diagnosis of gastrointestinal pathology. It is also possible to use prosthetics, the main purpose of which is to restore the height of the bite.