Worms: Symptoms, Treatment with Medicines and Folk Remedies
The symptoms of worms in humans can be very different, it all depends on the type of parasites present in the body. Treatment necessarily requires an integrated approach, only under such conditions it will be possible to eliminate this problem. For this purpose, medical preparations and folk techniques are used.
Sometimes it is very difficult to identify the signs and symptoms of worms in humans, since worm infestation is very similar in its symptoms to the pathologies of many diseases of the intestine and stomach, gall bladder, liver and infectious diseases.
What are the worms
Worms are usually divided into several groups, namely:
Roundworm - thin and long worms yellowish or pink hue. The disease begins to develop when ingested eggs of these worms, which can occur if contaminated food is consumed.From eggs in the intestines, larvae grow and spread throughout the body.
Together with the blood flow, they are spread through the internal organs, causing small hemorrhages. Among the main symptoms of worms (in the photo one of the signs of helminthic invasion - pain in the abdomen), we can distinguish the presence of heat and body aches. Often nobody pays special attention to these signs, as it connects them with catarrhal diseases. Meanwhile, the larvae along with the bloodstream are transferred to the lung tissue. From there, after maturation, penetrate into the oral cavity, and then into the intestine, where they grow and multiply. In the process of life, ascarids release toxic substances into the human intestine, which provokes poor health and the occurrence of unpleasant symptoms.
Among the main symptoms of worms in adults can be identified:
- abdominal pain;
- frequent urge to stool;
- loose stools;
- signs of intoxication.
As a result, weight may decrease, rashes appear on the body, there are other signs of allergy.
In childhood, pinworms are mostly concerned. These are small roundworms of grayish color.Their appearance is provoked by non-compliance with the rules of hygiene and the consumption of low-quality products. In addition, infection through pets is possible. Pinworms live and breed in the intestines.
It is rather difficult to get rid of this type of parasite, as self-infection constantly occurs. At night, pinworms lay eggs in the folds around the anus. At this time there is a very strong itching and soreness. The general state of health is significantly worsened, since parasites have a toxic effect on the body, causing severe inflammation. This is manifested in the form:
- stomach ache.
Another roundworm is a whipworm. The back of it is thick, in the form of a barrel, and the head is very thin, in the form of a hair. With the help of a thin part of the body, parasites penetrate the intestinal walls and feed on blood. Infection occurs when eggs are swallowed.
The parasite damages the intestinal walls, provokes intoxication of the body, which often leads to appendicitis.
A tapeworm is a long worm that belongs to tape helminths.This flat parasite reaches very large sizes. The larvae in the development pass through several stages. Its intermediate owners are river fish and crayfish. A person consumes river fish infected with worms, with which they penetrate into the body, where they begin to grow.
This parasite is of considerable size, so it requires a lot of food. As a result, a person appears quite characteristic symptoms of worms, in particular, rapid weight loss, feeling unwell, fainting, anemia.
Bovine and pork tapeworm are tapeworms. They reach several meters. You can become infected by consuming undercooked or undercooked meat. The body of the tapeworm consists of several flat parts in which the development of eggs takes place.
They can live in humans for several years. Due to the presence of special suckers and hooks, these parasites are very strongly attached to the intestinal walls. They suck out all the nutrients, poisoning the human body with toxins. Among the main symptoms of worms can be identified strong weakness, weight loss, nausea, violation of the chair.A person is constantly worried about headaches, up to migraines, dizziness. There are fainting.
Liver flukes cause opisthorchiasis when it enters the body. It is possible to become infected by consuming river fish that have not undergone sufficient heat treatment. In the presence of this type of worms in humans, the symptoms are expressed in the form of pain and a feeling of distention in the right side, a violation of the chair, and sometimes a slight yellowness of the skin can be observed. Basically, the doctor is treated with signs of hepatitis and cholecystitis. If the parasites are not removed from the body for a long time, cirrhosis of the liver and malignant tumors can form.
Ways of infection
Before you determine the signs and symptoms of worms in humans, you need to understand exactly how the infection occurs. The main ways of destruction by worms:
- through the soil;
- contact with animals;
- open ponds.
Sometimes a stinging insect bite can be a source of infection. You can become infected through food that has not undergone sufficient heat treatment.
Key signs in adults
The symptoms of worms in humans are not always able to immediately recognize correctly. Parasites provoke a number of signs. When they occur, be sure to contact your doctor for a comprehensive diagnosis and treatment prescription. If you recognize the symptoms of worms in humans at the initial stages, this will avoid a number of diagnostic errors. Among the main features you need to highlight:
- allergic skin rash;
- frequent cough;
- the appearance of a cold, pneumonia;
- frequent colds;
If the worms are long, then they form whole tangles that prevent the secretion of bile and pancreatic juice. As a result, the symptoms of worms appear in a person, such as constipation, diarrhea and bloating. There may be a gnashing of teeth.
Against the background of constant chronic poisoning with waste products of worms, depression is observed. When parasites move through the body and injure tissues, pains in the joints begin to occur in a person. If there are worms, the symptoms can be very different, only a doctor can make a correct diagnosis.
Signs of pediatric worm infestation
Symptoms and signs of worms in a child are quite specific. The doctor will be able to accurately determine whether the baby has parasites in the intestines according to such manifestations as:
- increased activity;
- itching around the anus;
- peeling of the eyelids;
- craving for sweet foods;
- lethargy and drowsiness;
- signs of anemia;
- frequent colds.
If these signs and symptoms of worms are noted in a child, then there is a high probability of the presence of parasites in the body. In this case, be sure to visit a doctor to diagnose and assign the correct and effective treatment.
Manifestations of the acute stage
The first symptoms of worms in an adult do not appear immediately after infection, but after a few days. On average, the incubation period is 2-3 weeks. The presence of parasites in the body can manifest itself in the form of allergic reactions. In the process of growth and vital activity, helminths release toxic substances that lead to intoxication of the body.
Among the allergic symptoms of worms in an adult are observed:
In severe cases, the development of bronchitis and asthma is not excluded. Some types of parasites can provoke severe reactions in the form of swelling of the face.Particularly complex manifestations may occur against the background of echinococcosis. This happens as a result of rupture of a cyst. In this case, the risk of anaphylactic shock and death of the patient increases significantly.
The symptoms of worms in an adult in the acute stage include not only allergic manifestations, an increase in temperature may also be observed. With a strong infection significantly worsens state. Often there is a cough and chest pain.
Manifestations of the chronic stage
In the chronic form of infection, the symptoms of worms in an adult largely depend on the localization of the parasite. In particular, the following symptoms may occur:
- violation of the chair;
- painful sensations;
- decrease or increase in appetite.
Helminths secrete substances that negatively affect the digestive process. In the body, there may be a lack of nutrients.
The symptoms of worms in an adult often include various psychological disorders. The more parasites in the body, the more pronounced signs of damage to the nervous system. Among the manifestations of the presence of worms you need to select headaches, insomnia, absent-mindedness.
There is a high risk of infection by worms like trematodes, or, as they are also called, flukes. These parasites live in different organs of the human body. Signs and symptoms of worms appear as:
- local swelling;
- temperature increases;
- swollen lymph nodes;
- enlarged spleen and liver.
These helminths can lead to the development of pyelonephritis, cystitis and urolithiasis. Possible complications include chronic renal failure. The intestinal form manifests itself in the form of painful sensations, poor appetite, diarrhea with blood.
If you have symptoms of worms in a person, treatment must be carried out immediately after the diagnosis. To identify the presence of parasites in the body using several accurate and informative diagnostic methods. These include:
- linked immunosorbent assay;
- ELISA tests;
- serological techniques;
- ultrasound diagnostics;
- bioresonance diagnostics.
ELISA helps to determine the presence of adult parasites or their eggs in the body, as well as to identify their species. ELISA tests indicate the body's response to infection with parasites.This technique is not independent. It should be used with other types of research.
Serological techniques are used to diagnose helminthiasis in the acute stage. Bioresonance diagnostics - a study that allows you to identify parasites at an early stage.
Modern methods of diagnosis with high accuracy will help not only recognize the fact of infection with worms, but also determine which species they belong to, determine the age, stage of development, which significantly speeds up the healing process.
Drug therapy for adults
If you develop symptoms of worms in adults, treatment must be carried out immediately, as only this will prevent the development of complications and dangerous pathologies. Therapy of helminthiasis implies the use of a whole range of procedures and drugs, as well as the strict prescription of the doctor.
In order to eliminate the symptoms of worms in humans, the treatment necessarily involves taking certain medication. The use of anthelmintic compounds aimed at the destruction of many types of worms.There are also narrowly targeted drugs. Among the most common drugs can be identified:
It is worth noting that all drugs provoke certain side effects, in particular, nausea, dizziness, weakness, abdominal pain, drowsiness and many other signs of poisoning. When such manifestations occur, enterosorbent must be taken.
To eliminate the symptoms of worms in adults, treatment can be carried out with anthelmintic drugs in the form of drops. This drug is very convenient to use, as it allows you to accurately calculate the dosage, which often can not be done with tablets, as they are covered with a protective shell. For treatment, you can apply such drugs in the form of drops, such as:
- "Antiglist Forte";
All drugs for the treatment of worms help eliminate the symptoms of helminthic infection quickly and effectively, but they are strong toxic substances and can lead to intoxication of the body.
Medical therapy for children
Parasites provoke severe discomfort and deterioration of health. That is why after the occurrence of symptoms of worms in children, treatment should begin immediately. The drugs are available in tablet form and in the form of a suspension. The most frequently used drugs such as:
The composition of these drugs include various active substances that are effective only against a certain type of parasite, so the drug can be used only after a diagnosis. Depending on the symptoms of worms in children, treatment is chosen individually in order to effectively get rid of parasites and not harm the children's body. Be sure to strictly adhere to the recipe, since the dosage is always selected separately for each child and depends on its weight, age and type of parasite.
Many drugs are forbidden to take children weighing less than 12 kg. The only antihelminthic drug that can be used to treat babies is Piperazin and Pirantel suspension.
In the presence of symptoms of worms at home, treatment can be carried out using traditional techniques. To combat helminth infections, various herbs are used that are no less effective than drugs. These include the following:
An equally common way to treat worm infestations is to consume raw pumpkin seeds. As a prophylactic agent, you can use carrot juice, which is recommended to consume 200 ml for 2 weeks.
In addition to decoctions and tinctures, it is additionally recommended to make an enema that will help remove the worms. For the enema, you can use garlic tincture, infusion of tansy or dry wormwood. Any of this tool is used only in the filtered form, so that small particles of plants do not get into the intestine and do not damage the mucous membrane.
It is regularly recommended to carry out preventive measures, as this will prevent the infection with helminths and subsequent treatment for a long time.For prevention, you should try to avoid foci of infection with worms, as well as the use of folk remedies. By preventive measures is also appropriate to include:
- eating only well-washed vegetables and fruits;
- the destruction of insects in the home that carry helminth eggs;
- drinking only boiled water;
- conducting drug prevention.
It is necessary to use medicines only after consulting with a doctor, as they contain toxic substances that can harm health.